What is Public and Private School definition and difference

Public School and Private School

Let’s start by explaining the public school. First, what comes to mind is the concept of automatic public service . Thus, the public school is a public service in the same way that it is offered to the State free of charge and of a universal character (for all school-age children). The free service of this service is possible thanks to taxes collected by the State and support to community services. In this article we will provide you the information about public and private school.

Most states provide this opportunity for any child to have access to school and it is related to a basic principle of many states: equal opportunity. This means that every child from any social class in one region of the country has the same opportunities for a prosperous future as another child from a different situation.

Schools are approached in different ways as it is done, for example, in the USA and Europe

However, most public schools have common characteristics, such as teaching the values ​​of a nation: liberty , equality and fraternity.

Due to their public service status, these schools must offer education directly stipulated by the State, in this way, the States create education plans or education laws , of which all public schools must follow the pre-established norms.

Private school

In contrast to public schools are private schools. These schools are not part of the state’s public services and become part of an education provided by a private for-profit entity.

Unlike public schools, private schools are not free for the simple fact that the main objective of a company is to make money

Private schools are not universal, as certain groups do not want public schools because they do not represent specific values. The private company has the right to transmit religious, military, elitist values, among others.

Although private schools can somehow choose the type of teaching to be imparted to their students, the state stipulates some quality education standards for the private school to comply with . For example, at the end of the school year, all students without distinction between private and public school pass an exam that allows them to enter college or not, so it is necessary that private schools respect certain rules common to public schools.

Difference in performance between public and private schools

public and private school students are discrepant, which also occurs in other countries. However, what is often overlooked is the role of the student’s background and that of the class, that is, the advantages that he initially brings, either from home or from the school he is enrolled in.

Based on techniques for decomposing ENEM grades, the results showed that the difference in student performance is predominantly explained by the difference in students’ endowment, that is, in the background of the class and their family.

But it doesn’t stop there, the researchers saw that the results of students from private schools were much closer than students from public schools, so they evaluated the differences by grade quantiles.

With this, it can be evaluated that among the students with the lowest grades, the difference between them is not so much related to the initial endowments, but to the difference between the teachers and the school.

On the other hand, the higher the grades, the more the difference in results between the education networks is due to the student’s initial endowments. In the most notable cases, this importance of the initial endowment is so great that the numbers point to a negative structural difference. Translated, this means that if public school students had the same characteristics as private school students, they could have even higher grades.

That’s right, we have brilliant students in public education who end up having their education limited by lower income conditions and family structure.

How to know if your child should go to a public or private school

Have you ever wondered if your child should study in a public or private school? This is a very serious question and involves many aspects.

The Summary of Social Indicators 2018 report, by IBGE, disclosed that only 36% of students who completed high school in the public network entered a college, while in relation to high school students in the private network, this percentage more than doubles: 79.2%.

Choosing the ideal school for their children can be a challenge for parents, since private institutions demand a certain amount of investment , but, on the other hand, the level of public education  may not meet learning expectations.

And it was to help you understand these and other aspects that we created this article! Continue reading and see 7 important factors to analyze whether your child should go to a public or private school.

How to choose an ideal school?

Every family has its quirks, doesn’t it? Some parents may want their children to have access only to formal teaching content and others may want the school to offer more teaching options.

On the side of schools it is no different. Some will prioritize the content to be taught and others will add new skills that will help students develop more broadly, taking into account the current context.

Because of this, it is important for parents to choose an educational institution that will be able to meet their needs. And because of this plurality, it is essential to carefully analyze which is really the best option for your specific case.

Therefore, see below 7 aspects for you to analyze whether your child should go to a public or private school.

1. Communication with the family

Communication between school and family is certainly greater when the student is enrolled in a private school. This is because parents or guardians seek to have greater interaction about what their children are producing at school, since they are investing in their studies. On the other hand, the institution also maintains an open dialogue through various tools.

This partnership between school and family is very important for the development of students, because when educators identify a learning difficulty , for example, they can communicate it to the school’s coordination so that, together with the student’s family, they can find solutions in timely.

Many private institutions offer interactive websites and even applications so that parents can follow their child’s school performance, the activities that are being given, in addition to interacting with other parents and with the school itself.

2. Infrastructure

We know that the maintenance of a public school requires funds sent by the federal, state or municipal government. A private school, on the other hand, is maintained by paying monthly fees from enrolled students.

However, what we see, in most cases, is that the budget of the public institution is not enough to be applied in improvements, since it is used primarily to maintain basic services. In a particular administration, this money is also invested in improvements in the structure , with the aim of increasingly benefiting the development and stimulation of students.

3. Number of students per room

The number of students also changes when they are enrolled in a public or private school. A public school classroom typically has between 30 and 40 students, who are also extremely diverse in learning levels. This makes the work of the teacher very difficult, who, in this context, sees very few students excelling.

On the other hand, the private school has a smaller number of students per class, allowing the teacher to offer personalized attention. In addition, educators are able to focus on the doubts of each one and, therefore, the performance of the class tends to be much better.

This may seem like a simple detail, but the smaller the number of students in the room, the smaller the possibility of parallel conversations and noise that hinder reasoning.

In a public school, this factor is much more complicated, because with many students per class, consequently there are more behavioral problems that interfere with classes and the teacher is not able to pay attention to all of them.

4. Encouraging child protagonism

This is a discussion that has been growing in recent years, mainly due to the technologies that have been increasingly used as a knowledge tool by schools.

Child protagonism is, therefore, a pedagogical posture that shows the student that he can be the agent of his own development and capable of proposing many solutions to the problems around him.

In this way, technology is a great ally of teachers in the task of working with leadership in education.

And when parents invest in schools that prioritize this teaching-learning dynamic, they encourage a series of benefits for their children, such as encouraging responsibility, proactivity, socio-emotional skills, the development of self-knowledge, empathy and respect for differences.

Public schools can also work with children’s protagonism, but the resources for this type of approach are undoubtedly more abundant in private education, which has more technological resources in classrooms and in specific laboratories.

5. Dynamicity of the contents

The contents in public schools tend to be more rigid and without many changes, which contrasts with the diversity of students. Thus, it is very common for the same methodology to be applied for a long period of time to students with different learning levels, which makes their development difficult.

On the contrary, the private school adjusts itself to the particularities of the student. In a quality private education, the student is encouraged to reflect and not just mechanically learn the contents without any questions. Through constructivist teaching, the teacher becomes the teaching-learning mediator and the student builds his own knowledge.

6. Qualification of teachers

As for teachers, it is worth mentioning that selection processes in the private school system tend to be more rigorous and this helps to ensure the hiring of well-prepared professionals.

It is also important to clarify that in public education there are differences in the way each state or municipality treats education. In some locations, the educational system can make it difficult for teachers to work, which is not valued, receives low pay and is little encouraged.

But it is worth mentioning that the continuing education of teachers is offered both in public and private schools, what really changes is the fact that the teacher is able to pass on these new learnings and methodologies in the classroom, which, as we have seen, is much more difficult on the public network.

7. Support in unusual situations

Finally, another important detail that highlights the private school is its ability to adapt to atypical situations and support for students and families.

A good example of this were the changes in teaching-learning relationships brought about by the new coronavirus pandemic, which even with educational institutions closed, with the aim of reducing the number of contaminated people, adapted to prevent their students from missing the year. academic.

These changes involved the use of digital tools as mediators in the relationships between teachers and students, who started to do online classrooms, video calls, among other remote activities.

Public schools, on the other hand, despite a lot of effort, were unable to offer the same teaching as the private ones, so many students had to study on their own and are still waiting for the resumption of the calendar for face-to-face classes.

Therefore, parents should carefully analyze when choosing between public or private school for their children. It is necessary to know the institutions and know which one will best meet your expectations and needs.

And to help you even more with this decision, try to research the private schools that exist in your city, talk to the director or pedagogical coordinator of each one of them.

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