Let’s start by explaining the public school. First, what comes to mind is the concept of automatic public service . Thus, the public school is a public service in the same way that it is offered to the State free of charge and of a universal character (for all school-age children). The free service of this service is possible thanks to taxes collected by the State and support to community services.
Most states provide this opportunity for any child to have access to school and it is related to a basic principle of many states: equal opportunity. This means that every child from any social class in one region of the country has the same opportunities for a prosperous future as another child from a different situation.
Schools are approached in different ways as it is done, for example, in the USA and Europe
However, most public schools have common characteristics, such as teaching the values of a nation: liberty , equality and fraternity.
Due to their public service status, these schools must offer education directly stipulated by the State, in this way, the States create education plans or education laws , of which all public schools must follow the pre-established norms.
In contrast to public schools are private schools. These schools are not part of the state’s public services and become part of an education provided by a private for-profit entity.
Unlike public schools, private schools are not free for the simple fact that the main objective of a company is to make money
Private schools are not universal, as certain groups do not want public schools because they do not represent specific values. The private company has the right to transmit religious, military, elitist values, among others.
Although private schools can somehow choose the type of teaching to be imparted to their students, the state stipulates some quality education standards for the private school to comply with . For example, at the end of the school year, all students without distinction between private and public school pass an exam that allows them to enter college or not, so it is necessary that private schools respect certain rules common to public schools.