The 6 types of noise in human communication
In total, we distinguish 6 types of noise in human communication. Remember, noise is the communication interference that prevents communication from taking place. This disturbance can distort or hide the message in these senses that we see: Types of noise in human communication
- Physical noise : It is external to the sender and receiver and includes things like any sound that prevents proper speech and understanding. For example, the loud sound of music in a bar, a construction site, traffic disturbances, etc.
- Psychological noise : this type of noise is a mental interference that prevents the receiver from hearing the message. It can be due to a mistake, that the mind of the listener is distracted thinking about other things while they speak to him, etc.
- Physiological noise : when it is a physiological problem that interrupts and prevents proper communication, this type of noise occurs. It can occur when one of the participants, both sender and receiver, are ill with a physical or mental problem such as migraine, a plugged ear, an oral problem …
- Semantic noise : when the sender and receiver do not share the meaning of the message, this type of noise occurs. It is very common if a profane person in a subject talks to an expert. For example, between doctor and patient, between client and lawyer, with scientists, etc. If terminology is used that the listener does not understand, noise appears. Types of noise in human communication
- Noise of influence : this occurs when it is the attitudes of one of the parties involved in the communication that prevent understanding. It can happen between politicians, between scientists, etc. That is, there is no clear intention of understanding one towards the other.
- Technical noise : finally, we find a last type of noise referred to the defects in the means used for communication. For example, if the phone fails when talking, through a computer, a walkie talkie, etc. If it gives problems to transmit, we understand that it is the technique that fails.
Types of noise considered noise disturbances
We also find types of noise in human communication that are considered noise disturbances , and that are often very common. It is the case of:
- Incorrect use of the code , that is, not fluent in the common language.
- Being in front of a text that is illegible due to the font or the poor quality of the printing.
- By stains in a written text.
- It also occurs when the voice of the sender is barely audible.
- When there is radio interference on a television, for example.
- When the receiver suffers from hearing impairments , that is, they are deaf or have hearing problems, for example.
- It is also understood by noise when there is an excess of information .
- It is also considered noise not to give the key information that makes a message understandable.
- In general, when the attitudes and values of the communication actors are not taken into account, noise is also produced.
- Like anything that prevents free communication, it is also considered noise.
Constitutive behaviors of noise
Some experts consider noise in human communication certain behaviors that make the message not reach clearly:
- Use of harsh or mellow phrases or responses.
- Do not share the same sense of humor.
- He speaks with knowing glances towards other people attending but who do not participate in the conversation between two.
- He speaks excessively pedantic.
- Too much criticism or to be contrary by system.
- Always remember the failures of others.
- The monopolization of a conversation.
- The constant interruption to the issuer.
- The subject change continued. Types of noise in human communication
- He speaks without knowledge of the facts.
- The mocking smile or the lack of seriousness in a subject that does require it.
- The alteration of the voice or aggressive gestures.
- The long-lived silence on the part of the receiver, who offers no response.
- Being in a hurry.
- Give a feeling of laziness or boredom.