We have been a few weeks in which it seems that everything revolves around the coronavirus (or COVID-19 ) that is gradually and globally affecting the population in different ways. And I have been able to verify that many people are looking for information non-stop about said virus, which unfortunately, is installing itself between our lives, changing our habits and creating a kind of panic around that is not healthy for a society. In this article we will provide you the Vocabulary related to coronavirus.
It is true that in these times, information is power, so from here, we are going to make a glossary with the terms and vocabulary related to the virus , so that you can always understand what you are reading (in the case whether it is an international medium or we want to see what happens in other countries) and there are no doubts or misunderstandings that worsen the current situation and that we hope you will begin to refer as soon as possible:
- Animal-human interface – The point of contact (or contagion) between a human being and an animal. Either in a zoo, farm or animal market (as it happened in the beginning).
Example: Animal diseases can potentially pass to humans at any animal-human interface such as a zoo, farm or animal market.
- Bottleneck – Bottleneck
- Contagious – Contagious
Example: How contagious is this new virus?
- Containment measures – Containment measures
Example: Containment measures intended to slow down the spread of the virus in the population are therefore extremely important
- Coughing – Cough / Cough
- Diagnose (verb) – Diagnose
Example: A team of doctors diagnosed the coronavirus last December.
- Diagnosis (name) – Diagnosis
Example: If you’re not happy with the diagnosis you could always get a second opinion.
- Diagnostic capacity – Diagnostic capacity
- Difficulty breathing – Difficulty breathing
- Disease – Disease (plural is the same)
The disease has killed thousands aroun the globe.
- Droplets – Droplets
Example: Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
- Epidemic – Epidemic
Example: Authorities reports an epidemic of coronavirus in Italy.
- Fever – Fever
- Healthcare system – Health system
Example: The potential impact on the public health and overall healthcare systems would be high.
- Hospitalized with symptoms – Hospitalized with symptoms
- Hotspot – Spotlight / hot spot
Example: Coronavirus fears have left tourist hotspots empty worldwide.
- incubation period – Incubation period
Example: An incubation period is the time between being exposed to a germ and having symptoms of the illness.
- Infect (verb) – Infect
Example: The germs have infected her wound.
- infected (adjective / participle) – Infected
Example: T he coronavirus has infected more than 108,000 people around the world.
- Infection (name) – Infection
Example: China’s new infections from the coronavirus continue to fall.
- Infectious (adjective) – Infectious
Example: Avoid the animals as they may still be infectious .
- Influenza – Flu
- Intensive care – Intensive care
- Isolate (verb) – Isolate
Example: Some people are being asked to isolate themselves to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
- Isolation (name) – Isolation
- Lockdown – Emergency Lock / Close
Example: Don’t travel, don’t socialize, stay inside: Italy’s coronavirus lockdown rules
- Self-isolate / Self-isolation – Self isolate
Example: Experts say self-isolation could help curb spread of COVID-19
- No-go zone (literally, ‘red zone’) – Red zone
- Novel coronavirus – New virus / Novel virus
Example: Until they gave it a name, they mostly referred to COVID-19 as novel coronavirus
- Outbreak (name) – Outbreak / Outbreak
Example: The United Kingdom has advised its citizens on Monday “against all but essential travel to Italy, due to an ongoing outbreak of coronavirus
- Pandemic (name) – Pandemic
Example: Example: The pandemic is killing the elderly first.
- Pathogen (name) – Pathogen
Example: The relationship between the name of a viral pathogen and its associated diseases is complex.
- PCR test (PCR = polymerase chain reaction) – Polymerase chain reaction test.
It is a laboratory technique that allows small fragments of DNA to be amplified to identify microscopic germs that cause disease. The tests that are carried out on people who might have the virus.
- Person-to-person transmission – Transmission between people
- Quarantine – Quarantine / Quarantine
Example: The patients are in quarantine until the doctors determine that they are not contagious.
- SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – What was previously avian flu (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).
- Recovered – Cured / Recovered
Example: More than 55,000 have recovered from the disease as of Friday.
- Screening (name) – Check / Review
Example: South Korea has built drive-thru coronavirus screening locations, to help diagnose patients and keep them from infecting others in hospital waiting rooms.
- Sneeze – Sneeze
- Stockpile – Collect, store, accumulate
Example: Washington state asked the US stockpile for coronavirus masks
- Superspreader – Super spreader
Example: Superspreader in China infects nearly 40 people with coronavirus.
- Symptoms – Symptoms
Example: COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include fever and cough.
- Transmission (name) – Transmission
- Transmit (verb) – Transmit
- Treat (verb) – Treat
Example: Doctors at the momment, cannot currently treat COVID-19 directly
- Treatment (name) – Treatment
Example: Currently there is no specific antiviral treatment for this new coronavirus.
Example: Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viral infections because they don’t kill viruses, only bacteria.
- Virus – Virus
- Zoonotic (adjective) – Zoonosis – An animal disease that can be transmitted to humans.
Example: Coronaviruses are zoonotic , meaning they are transmitted between animals and people