English Grammar

Vocabulary related to coronavirus and sentences with examples

We have been a few weeks in which it seems that everything revolves around the coronavirus (or COVID-19 ) that is gradually and globally affecting the population in different ways. And I have been able to verify that many people are looking for information non-stop about said virus, which unfortunately, is installing itself between our lives, changing our habits and creating a kind of panic around that is not healthy for a society. In this article we will provide you the Vocabulary related to coronavirus.

It is true that in these times, information is power, so from here, we are going to make a glossary with the terms and vocabulary related to the virus , so that you can always understand what you are reading (in the case whether it is an international medium or we want to see what happens in other countries) and there are no doubts or misunderstandings that worsen the current situation and that we hope you will begin to refer as soon as possible:

  • Animal-human interface – The point of contact (or contagion) between a human being and an animal. Either in a zoo, farm or animal market (as it happened in the beginning).

Example: Animal diseases can potentially pass to humans at any animal-human interface such as a zoo, farm or animal market.

  • Bottleneck – Bottleneck
  • Contagious – Contagious

Example: How contagious is this new virus?

  • Containment measures – Containment measures

Example: Containment measures intended to slow down the spread of the virus in the population are therefore extremely important

  • Coughing – Cough / Cough
  • Diagnose (verb) – Diagnose

Example: A team of doctors diagnosed the coronavirus last December.

  • Diagnosis (name) – Diagnosis

Example: If you’re not happy with the diagnosis you could always get a second opinion.

  • Diagnostic capacity – Diagnostic capacity
  • Difficulty breathing – Difficulty breathing
  • Disease – Disease (plural is the same)

The disease has killed thousands aroun the globe.

  • Droplets – Droplets

Example: Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Example: Authorities reports an epidemic of coronavirus in Italy.

  • Fever – Fever
  • Healthcare system – Health system

Example: The potential impact on the public health and overall healthcare systems would be high.

  • Hospitalized with symptoms – Hospitalized with symptoms
  • Hotspot – Spotlight / hot spot

Example: Coronavirus fears have left tourist hotspots empty worldwide.

  • incubation period – Incubation period

Example: An incubation period is the time between being exposed to a germ and having symptoms of the illness.

  • Infect (verb) – Infect

Example: The germs have infected her wound.

  • infected  (adjective / participle) – Infected

Example: T he coronavirus has infected more than 108,000 people around the world.

  • Infection (name) – Infection

Example: China’s new infections from the coronavirus continue to fall.

Example: Avoid the animals as they may still be infectious .

  • Influenza – Flu
  • Intensive care – Intensive care
  • Isolate (verb) – Isolate

Example: Some people are being asked to isolate themselves to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

  • Isolation (name) – Isolation
  • Lockdown – Emergency Lock / Close

Example: Don’t travel, don’t socialize, stay inside: Italy’s coronavirus lockdown rules

  • Self-isolate / Self-isolation – Self isolate

Example: Experts say self-isolation could help curb spread of COVID-19

  • No-go zone (literally, ‘red zone’) – Red zone
  • Novel coronavirus – New virus / Novel virus

Example: Until they gave it a name, they mostly referred to COVID-19 as novel coronavirus

  • Outbreak (name) – Outbreak / Outbreak

Example: The United Kingdom has advised its citizens on Monday “against all but essential travel to Italy, due to an ongoing outbreak of coronavirus

  • Pandemic (name) – Pandemic

Example: Example: The pandemic is killing the elderly first.

  • Pathogen (name) – Pathogen

Example: The relationship between the name of a viral pathogen and its associated diseases is complex.

  • PCR test (PCR = polymerase chain reaction) – Polymerase chain reaction test.

It is a laboratory technique that allows small fragments of DNA to be amplified to identify microscopic germs that cause disease. The tests that are carried out on people who might have the virus.

  • Person-to-person transmission – Transmission between people
  • Quarantine – Quarantine / Quarantine

Example: The patients are in quarantine until the doctors determine that they are not contagious.

  • SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – What was previously avian flu (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).
  • Recovered – Cured / Recovered

Example: More than 55,000 have recovered from the disease as of Friday.

  • Screening (name) – Check / Review

Example: South Korea has built drive-thru coronavirus screening locations, to help diagnose patients and keep them from infecting others in hospital waiting rooms.

  • Sneeze – Sneeze
  • Stockpile – Collect, store, accumulate

Example: Washington state asked the US stockpile for coronavirus masks

  • Superspreader – Super spreader

Example: Superspreader in China infects nearly 40 people with coronavirus.

  • Symptoms – Symptoms

Example: COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include fever and cough.

  • Transmission (name) – Transmission
  • Transmit (verb) – Transmit
  • Treat (verb) – Treat

Example: Doctors at the momment, cannot currently treat COVID-19 directly

  • Treatment (name) – Treatment

Example: Currently there is no specific antiviral treatment for this new coronavirus.

Example: Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viral infections because they don’t kill viruses, only bacteria.

  • Virus – Virus
  • Zoonotic (adjective) – Zoonosis – An animal disease that can be transmitted to humans.

Example: Coronaviruses are zoonotic , meaning they are transmitted between animals and people

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