Differences between language and communication in detail


Language is the ability of the human being as such to encode and decode a message, thus transmitting information of an abstract and complex nature. Likewise, it is also called “language” the set of signs that are used to encode articulated sounds and thus be able to transmit a message. Differences between language and communication

There are different types of language: written language, oral language, gestural language, etc. For this reason, the concept of language encompasses both the system of signs that allow verbal communication and the style or way of expressing a person or a linguistic community.


We understand by communication the action or effect of communicating; that is, the act through which one person establishes an exchange of information with another. For example, a person walks into a store and asks the clerk for a product he wants to buy. At that moment a communicative act takes place since there is a sender who transmits a message to a receiver through a channel, using a code (that is, the set of signs that encode the information).

In this way, the representative elements of communication are:

  • The sender : the person issuing the message
  • The message : the information to be communicated
  • The channel: the medium through which the message is transmitted
  • The receiver : the person who receives the message
  • The code : the system of signs used by the sender to encode the message
  • The context : the circumstances that encompass the emission and transmission of the message

On the other hand, it is important to bear in mind that communication is a process that not only takes place between human beings but also that animals communicate with each other through gestures, noises or sounds; This is they use non-verbal language to convey information.

Differences between language and communication

Once we have studied the concepts of language and communication , we are going to explain what the differences between the two are. The main difference between the two terms is the fact that communication is the process by which information is exchanged and language is the system of signs used in communicative acts. Differences between language and communication

In other words, language is the set of linguistic elements (or non-linguistic, if it is non-verbal language) that facilitates communication between the sender and receiver. Thus, language is the tool through which people (and also animals) establish a communicative act.

Another of the most important differences between language and communication is that language is subject to grammatical regulations (and spelling, in the case of written language) since it is a system of signs that follows coding rules and decoding, which are common to all people who share that language, so that they can use it to communicate with each other.

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