Coherence and cohesion
Coherence and cohesion in discourse analysis
Difference between Coherence and cohesion
1- Coherence and cohesion
The texts are a structured sequence of words that are arranged in sentences, which form a string, generate the text.
The statement is a unit formed by a sequence of words and communicates a complete meaning.
“The women and men of the Upper Paleolithic were engaged in gathering, hunting and shellfish.”
2- The coherence
When Maria arrived with her pictures, she ate the salad because not tomorrow.
The text you just read would be characterized by any reader as an inconsistent text, because it has no unity in the ideas it delivers, nor does it deliver any possibility of ordering them hierarchically (perhaps the only thing we could say about it is that each approach follows from the previous one and so on in an endless chain, unless the reader gets bored, as will probably happen). Coherence and cohesion in discourse analysis
The coherence of a text is based on the basis that the elements present in it remain throughout the message. Now, in some literary tendencies where “automatic writing” and “current of consciousness” are used, the text may present an aspect of inconsistency, but that is not so, because these texts are constructed in such a way that it is possible to assign them a theme and a unit, even if it is of a different nature than we are used to.
In micro to my house
I walk tumbling down a quick, bumpy surface that throws me against the iron. A singer saves me and sits me in the chair with a smile on my face. Give me money, dishes, piticlin, plin, plin who is the one who comes there so pretty and so gentle. Cold faces glued to the window, breeze hitting the forehead, the lady who claims she has not been given a ticket and a bed that waits wet in the house.
For a text to be consistent, it must maintain the same theme and all the elements that compose it must point to that theme. In other words, we can say that a text is coherent when each of the parts that make it up is related to the central theme.
Global coherence: For a text to be consistent, it must have a central theme, and all ideas, main and secondary, must always be related to that idea.
Local coherence: All ideas must be organized in an orderly and logical manner, that is, there must be an internal sequence that allows us to follow the text and achieve a better understanding of the information.
Local coherence is manifested through the presence or absence of certain elements, which allow to relate the different sentences that make up the text. Coherence and cohesion in discourse analysis
These particular and local relationships are called cohesion . Cohesion, therefore, corresponds to the network of relationships of meaning that are established within a text through different mechanisms, with the aim of contributing to its local and global coherence.
For consistency to exist, the elements of the text must be related to each other and form a unique and unitary idea between them. From the formal point of view, coherence is based on the operation of a series of resources to establish relationships between the elements of a text. Coherence and cohesion in discourse analysis
Cohesion is a textual property through which the statements of a text are correctly related from the lexical and grammatical point of view. Therefore, we will say that there is cohesion in a text when the successive statements appear duly locked by morphosyntactic and lexical-semantic, and even phonic connectors.
can be total or partial. In the totals there is an exact reproduction of the same word or expression in different places of the text. In partial repetition only part of the lexical signifier is repeated. Coherence and cohesion in discourse analysis
These are the elements of graphic expression, that is, the pauses or intonations existing within a text, are reflected by means of written signs, which are punctuation marks.