Phonology

Intonation and its types and features

Intonation and its types

Intonation

he intonation is the variation in our tone of voice , those ups and downs of intensity that create a certain cantinela or musicality . This is a key aspect in the speech, as it is indicative of emotions as well as marking the difference between a question, an affirmative sentence or an exclamation point. Without the right intonation, many messages would never be interpreted correctly, so giving the right intonation is more important than we think.

These variations in intensity can be marked by the structure of the sentence itself, that is, by certain linguistic factors such as grammar or lexicon, as well as by the context of communication. In this way, the same sentence can present a different intonation depending on the situation in which we are speaking and our mood. And, in turn, those differences in intonation will create one effect or another in the recipient. Imagine entering a store and the saleswoman responds to your greeting with a monotonous and unfriendly ” Hello .” Would you like to go back into the store? On the contrary, if you receive with a kind and chant ” Hello” you would feel much more comfortable and close.

Within this key aspect of pronunciation we must consider two main types of intonation :

Increasing intonation ( Rising intonation)

It occurs when the intensity of our voice grows as the end of the sentence approaches. In this case the final syllable or final group of words will be accentuated. For example, it is the intonation that is used in the questions .

Decreasing pitch (Falling intonation)

It occurs when our tone of voice decays at the end of the sentence. For example, it is the most common intonation when we want to express surprise or in the yes / no questions .

The tone of the English language

Intonation in the English language – a set of specific characteristics of the proposals, which are mandatory characteristic of expression. In the letter, the intonation is shown using punctuation. All the tone we are talking about is based. With him, we can not only talk, but also to ask questions, ask for something, whatever is surprised. It is because of the intonation in the English language, we can make our speech emotionally rich – express surprise, frustration, resentment, anger, admiration, and much more.

The main components of intonation in the English language – is the tone (voice of the melody), rhythm, tempo, tone of voice, phrase, and logical stress. All our speech consists in the alternation of tonic and unstressed syllables. We can speak, raising or lowering the voice, pronouncing that narrative mode or interrogative phrases. We are able to speak quickly or stay in certain places. We are able to change the sound design of our voice, going through the necessary emotions. A point to highlight certain words in a sentence, we can indicate that we refer in this case. Try to say the offer and in turn highlight the different words. For example:

1-We saw our friend five years ago. – We saw our friend five years ago. – We’ve seen our friend five years ago.

Put the emphasis on the first word, you emphasize that it is us, not they had seen. Select the second word that means what you saw, and did not talk to him. Emphasizing the number of years it is specified that he saw it just five years ago, not ten years ago. And so on. This formation can be carried out in each semantic part of the word (but not official).

All offers are divided into intonation group (phrase). This called segments, which were completed in the sense of (sometimes it can be a whole sentence). Each has its own intonation phrases in the English language, which shows whether or not the idea has been completed. Each intonation group ends a decrease or an increase in the tone of the last (only) accentuated syllable. Downlink and ascending voice tones are the two melodies, which, along with particle stress, are the main features of the phrase.

Lowering the tone usually expresses a complete thought, approval or categorical judgments. For example:

2-It is easy – It is easy. – It is easy.

3-I study French. – I study French. – I teach French.

Lower the tone say: enunciative sentences, devoid of emotional processing; exclamatory and imperative offer, special numbers, as well as the second part of multiple choice questions.

Increased tone, generally characterizes some parts of the proposal, in the sense of unfinished; requests, general questions, the first part of the multiple choice questions. For example:

4-Is it ten? – Is it ten? – It’s ten o’clock?

 

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