Language and Linguistics

What are Words?

Words, the most essential elements in any language

What are Words?

The term word comes from the Latin parable and expresses one of the most essential elements in any language; it is a functional fragment of an expression , delimited by pauses and accents. The combination of the words and their meanings allows to form sentences or sentences and the sum of the different words in a given expression will result in a specific and proper meaning.

Within the grammar, words can receive numerous classifications : according to the use made of them in a sentence (verbs, nouns , adjectives, adverbs, etc.), the number of syllables they present (monosyllables, bisylables, trisyllables and polysyllables ) or accentuation (acute, severe and esdrújulas). Each of them fulfills a specific function according to the context in which it is used. Some examples of sentences where the term appears can be: “The teacher asked me for three examples of words that begin with the letter h” , “Bat is a word esdrújula” , “I do not understand what word you have written here” .

The word concept is sometimes used to associate it with the ability of speech , talent in public speaking, written representation of oral language or what is said by another person. An example of this are the following phrases: «When I saw the images, I was speechless» , «The words of engineer Ricciardini were praised by the public present» .

Other uses of the notion are related to the shift to express itself in a meeting or an assembly and with the promise or confidence granted by an individual: “Now delegate Lagusto will speak, who asked for the word” , “Jorge gave me his word so it must be coming » .

The bad words , meanwhile, are those that are rude or indecent. They are usually linked to eschatological or sexual issues. When it is a pejorative way in which an individual addresses another, these words are called insults , their purpose is to harm or offend the recipient by referring to certain practices, attitudes or even physical or mental disabilities.

In computer science , the word reserved is those essential terms of a specific programming language that cannot be used by a programmer to refer to objects or values ​​created by him. For example, if, for and while , among others.

The words and the language

Each word has its own meaning according to the region where it is used, so it often happens that in different countries certain terms do not refer to the same, they even refer to opposite things. For example, in Buenos Aires a “job” is the exploitation of an idea or product to make easy money, while in Spain it is a synonym for “work.”

On the other hand, in most languages ​​there are words that are supposed to be prohibited, they are called taboos and are generally related to certain aspects of the history of that place that you want to hide, or with religious stigmas. For example, in Romania the word socialism is a taboo and in many conservative countries, terms related to sexuality are.

We can also add to the definition that in Spanish-speaking countries the term “word arrangement” is often used to express an agreement between two parties that has not been left in writing, where each one trusts in the other and in complying with the requirements of said agreement.

Finally, we will say that to understand the history of a people, it is enough to approach their language, the transformations that the passage of time has worked in their language , therefore in their words. To understand the origin of the words used in a certain place is to approach its history , and without this approach it is impossible to know a space. If we look a little at our surroundings we will see that we use words that we do not even know where they come from, and since we have been inscribed in the blood the tradition of many countries (Italy, Spain, France, etc.) to know the origin of the words that we use every day will be a better way to get closer to who we are, where exactly we come from. It is worth mentioning to exemplify this paragraph what was expressed by the intellectual Joseph T. Shipley, who said that through the study of the history of the word it is how we can understand how the men who shape the course of civilizations think and have thought.

In Western languages the word usually takes on a very specific character while in languages ​​like Japanese they do not have this connotation but are usually more contextual. To continue with this example, although in Spanish the words have gender and number in other languages ​​such as Japanese, the words are not classified in this way. Therefore the sentences are made up of diverse complements.

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