Discourse

Types of statements Identification examples diff. with sentence

Statements

Statements are the units or minimum expressions of meaning between two silences, and range from phrases made up of a single word, such as “Mom!” to long and complex sentences, such as the famous beginning of Don Quixote : Statements its types with difference

“In a place in La Mancha, whose name I do not want to remember, not long ago lived a nobleman of the spear in the shipyard, old shield, skinny nag and running greyhound …”.

The first is a sentence and the second is a sentence , and both are statements. In other words, a statement would be the minimum meaningful expression that you can say or write.

Take as an example the expression of a small child: “Mom, where are you? Bath!” In this text there are two sentences: the sentence between the two question marks, and the exclamatory phrase. The second is understood or makes sense without the need to be accompanied by a verb.

How to identify a statement?

For a statement to be considered as such, it must meet the following characteristics:

Complete information

Regardless of its structure (phrase, sentence, exclamation, etc.), the statement conveys complete information. “Wow!”, “Who is it?” or “Maria goes to school” are complete sentences, despite the diversity of size and shape.

Another example: “Merry Christmas” is a sentence that has no verb, but gives all the necessary information.

Limits

Oral statements are preceded by a pause or silence, followed by another at the conclusion of the information. Written sentences usually begin with a capital letter and end with a period, comma, or other punctuation mark.

Understandable

The statement must convey information understandable to the recipients. For example, when you ask “Did you see that?”, It is assumed that the receiver saw the same thing as you. They will answer “Yes” or “No” to that question.

Context

A statement can vary according to the situation in which it is used. They are different statements “The end is coming”, painted on a wall next to a cross, on a traffic sign, or in the reading of a novel.

Intonation

In understanding sentences, especially when they are oral, intonation plays a fundamental role. It is not the same to say “my mother”, than to exclaim “My mother!”

Types of statements

Sentence classifications may vary depending on the author or the grammar being consulted. The simplest divides the sentences into sentences and phrases. Statements its types with difference

Prayers

We call sentences to all those oral and written expressions, structured by a subject (the noun or noun with its articles and adjectives ) and a predicate (the verb with its complements). For example: “Orlando studies engineering at university.”

For a statement to be considered as a sentence it must contain at least one conjugated verb.

Phrases

Phrases can be made up of one or two words, and may not have verbs . Some examples: “My God!”, “Good morning”, “Mom?”

On the other hand, a more recent classification divides them as follows: affirmative, interrogative, exclamatory, wishful thinking, exhortative, imperative, doubtful, etc.

Assertive

They are those statements that provide information about a situation, person or event. They could be affirmative or negative. Examples: “The sky is clear”, or “There will be no dinner tonight.”

Interrogatives

They are the statements that inquire about something or someone, generally indicated by question marks, when it is a written statement, and by prepositions, adverbs and interrogative adjectives such as what, how, when, where, why, etc.

Exclamatory

They are those statements that express surprise or emotion. Examples: “You came!”, “Mom!”, “It’s snowing!”

Wishful thinking

They are statements that indicate desire. Examples: “I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow”, “I’d like to see you.”

Exhortations

They are statements that imply plea or attenuated orders. Examples: “Can you come please?”, “If you could bring me a cup of tea, I would appreciate it.” Statements its types with difference

Imperatives

They are the sentences that imply an order or demand, they can be accompanied by exclamation marks, and if there are verbs, in the imperative mood. Examples: “Get out of the water now!”, “Eat the vegetables.”

Hesitant

They are those statements where doubts or lack of certainty are expressed. Examples: “If it doesn’t rain, maybe we can go.”

Differences between statement and sentence

The main difference has to do with who encompasses whom: according to the New Grammar of the Spanish Language (NGLE) every sentence is a sentence, but not every sentence is a sentence.

A sentence is a statement made up of a subject and a predicate , that is, for a statement to be considered a sentence, a conjugated verb must be present. A sentence can be made up of a single word, as long as it is a conjugated verb. For example: “-What are you doing? -Write”.

On the other hand, any minimum unit of meaning , be it a phrase, exclamation, order or interjection, without the need for verbs to be considered as such , is considered a statement .

For example: “¡Ay!”, “En la playa” and “Buen día” are enunciated, despite not having verbs; and so are sentences like “Where can we wait for you?” or “Maria is at the movies.”

Examples of statements

  • We all want to go to Pedro’s party tonight.
  • How gorgeous!
  • How cute is Francisquito.
  • Mariela will travel to Guadalajara next weekend.
  • Good trip!
  • Raúl and Zenaida will visit their parents during their stay in Andalusia.
  • Your sister’s friends are very good at table tennis.
  • Danger, polluted beach.
  • Don’t step on the grass
  • Exercises for tomorrow.
  • Luisa’s parents say that you always have to think about tomorrow.
  • Goal! Statements its types with difference
  • At the Santiago Bernabeu Barcelona and Real Madrid face tonight.
  • “I like you when you are silent because you are absent” (Pablo Neruda).
  • Welcome to Guadalajara!
  • The warriors were caught in a very complex situation.
  • “I never pursued glory” (Antonio Machado).
  • Mine with tomato sauce and no mayo.
  • A tree that is born crooked never straightens its branch.
  • Free!
  • We have homework for the entire summer and part of the fall.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining.
  • All men are mortal.
  • San Telmo is an old neighborhood in Buenos Aires.
  • Up everyone!
  • I want to wake up with you every morning for the rest of my life.
  • Guard!
  • Sporadic rainfall is expected in the afternoon.
  • Everybody to the floor!
  • “Everything flows” (phrase attributed to Heraclitus of Ephesus).

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button

Adblock Detected

Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker