Biological science that deals with the study of the organic functions of living beings. This course brings together the principles of exact sciences and gives meaning to the interrelationships and interactions of the basic elements that make up a living being with its surroundings, explaining why the different situations that can be found in these elements. For its study, it is not based only on concepts related to living beings, such as the laws of thermodynamics, electricity, gravity, time, among others. However, theories in Physiology fulfill the same goal which is to make understandable the processes and functions of living beings, as well as all the elements that compose them at different levels.
There are three types of physiologies that deal with the type of living being in question: Plant, Human, and Animal Physiology
Plant physiology studies the functioning and behavior of plant organs and plant tissues.
On the other hand, human physiology is about studying all the functions inherent to multicellular living beings. Many of its aspects are closely linked to animal physiology, that is, much of the information obtained to date is largely due to the experimentation that is constantly carried out on animals.
The main ally of Physiology is Anatomy , both are fields that feed on each other, while the second deals with forms, the first studies the function that each part of the body exhibits. Together they are essential to general medical knowledge.
The human body is made up of cells that in turn make up the tissues
These organs (the apparatus) form all the systems that keep a person’s body alive, in addition to the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, gastrointestinal, among others.
However, homeostasis is one of the conditions that study and control human physiologists to describe and explain static or constant conditions of the internal environment, since each organ or tissue in the human body exhibits functions that help maintain the conditions of the body such as constant and vital. For example, the lungs are responsible for maintaining this constancy by capturing the oxygen that each person needs to live.
Due to the different types of cells, organs and systems that belong to human beings, there are several specialties of physiology such as: hearing physiology, cardiac physiology, cell physiology, renal physiology, smell physiology, reproductive physiology, respiratory physiology, among others.