Dyslexia is the misreading of a text caused by an anomaly in learning, although this does not mean a lack of intellectual disposition. The person who suffers from dyslexia has a series of errors in correctly interpreting the words and their meaning. This circumstance makes the learning process more difficult during the school period.
Experts point out several factors that can give rise to dyslexia, which can be hereditary, phonetic or brain problems
Currently, the thesis defended is that it is a cerebral deficiency in relation to the linguistic dimension of the brain. It is estimated that the dyslexic population is between 5 to 10% of the total population and this is an educational problem, especially because its early diagnosis is crucial when it comes to proper treatment. According to specialists, this pathology, in most cases, can be corrected as long as the child is less than 10 years old, but there are also adults with dyslexia.
Children with dyslexia can be brilliant in other intellectual or creative areas.
This fact is noteworthy, as some students have a clear mathematical or spatial ability, but when it comes to reading they have some significant difficulties. This opposition makes his intellectual development uneven and, at times, he is considered a poor student or idle. This particularity of dyslexia causes a poor adaptation to the school environment and even rejection by the dyslexic student.
The fact of affecting reading comprehension also influences spelling, as both aspects present several confusions, such as repetitions, word omissions, among other irregularities.
On certain occasions, dyslexia appears associated with other pathologies such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), although with little significant rates. At the same time, dyslexic children tend to show a series of atypical behavior patterns , for example, children with low self-esteem, very quiet or active, with a tendency to mess and impulsivity.
Traditionally, this maladjustment has been confused with other disorders or syndromes, to the point that dyslexics were considered individuals with some intellectual delay.
This assessment has changed significantly, on the other hand, the fact that some celebrities have revealed dyslexia, the social view of this pathology has also changed. The list of historical characters with these characteristics draws attention: Newton, Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Bill Gates and Picasso.