English Grammar

Qualifying adjectives and negative adjectives with examples

Qualifying adjectives

In the first place, to be able to define what negative adjectives are and their examples to be able to easily identify them, it is necessary that you know what adjectives are. This category of words generally accompany a noun to show some of its qualities. Because they express characteristics of names, they are always variables. By this we mean that adjectives do not remain unchanged when used in a sentence or text, they will always depend on the noun they accompany and that will make them define their gender and number. In this article we will elaborate the Qualifying and negative adjectives with examples

Within the adjectives we can find different types taking into account their nature. In this case we are going to focus on qualifying adjectives , since knowing what they are will be useful below to know what negative adjectives are. Qualifiers, on the other hand, are adjectives that attribute specific properties to a specific noun.

Likewise, within the qualifying adjectives we find different subtypes attending to different nuances such as the sender’s feelings, subjective considerations, appearance or form, among others. Thus, we find the following options when we must analyze what qualifying adjectives are:

  • Specific : they are those that refer to a quality of the name that is important to be able to understand the sentence effectively. If we eliminate this qualifying adjective from the statement, we will find that the meaning of the phrase is modified and the necessary information is missing for its understanding.
  • Explanatory : these add additional information to a noun. In other words, these types of qualifying adjectives are not necessary to fully understand the sentence. They add information, but this can be eliminated without changing the meaning of the statement.

Types of qualifying adjectives

Qualifying adjectives are subdivided into two types: qualifying adjectives themselves and relational adjectives.

Suitable qualifying adjectives

Qualifying adjectives themselves provide information about the characteristics of the noun. Some examples are: big, small, cold, hot, fat, thin, yellow, elegant, naughty.

This type of adjective can be specific or explanatory.

  • Specific adjectives: they indicate features that distinguish nouns from their peers, so they cannot be eliminated without making the sentence meaningless. They almost always come after the noun. For example, “I would like to adopt all cats, but I choose black cats ”.
  • Explanatory adjectives: they explain an inherent quality of the noun for aesthetic or expressive purposes, so they can be eliminated without affecting the meaning of the sentence. They almost always precede the noun. For example, he sweet fruit nectar pleases my senses”. Nectar is always sweet.

Another feature of qualifying adjectives themselves is that they admit degrees. For example, “Coffee is very cheap ” Or “Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world”.

relational adjectives

Relational adjectives inform which domain a noun belongs to, that is, with which context they are related. Some examples are: student, academic, surgical, artistic, religious, professional, musical, Mexican, political, historical, etc.

Relational adjectives are always placed after the noun they modify. For example, “Storytelling contest is for college students “.

Relational adjectives can often carry the prefixes anti- and pre-. This is the case with words like prehistoric or unhygienic .

Also, relational adjectives cannot express degrees. For example, it would be incorrect to say “Storytelling contest is for more college students”.

Qualifying adjective degrees

Qualifying adjectives themselves can express degrees of excellence of qualities. These grades are positive, comparative, and superlative.

positive degree. You do not need to express degree. Example, “The brunette child”.

comparative degree. Use the comparison to show the degree of superiority, equality or inferiority of the noun.

  • Superiority. Example, “The second season of the show is better than the first.”
  • Equality. Example, “Pedro is as talented as Juan.”
  • Inferiority. Example, “The day is less pleasant than yesterday.”

Superlative level. It expresses when a quality reaches its maximum expression. It can be relative or absolute.

  • relative. Example, “Juan Gabriel was the most famous Mexican singer of his time.”
  • Absolute. Example, “Juan Gabriel was very famous.”

Sentences with qualified adjectives

To assess how qualifying adjectives are used, let’s look at some of the examples in sentences.

  1. Jose has long hair .
  2. The day dawned cloudy .
  3. The morning is radiant .
  4. What a silky fabric !
  5. I like happy songs .
  6. We better buy the cheap phone .
  7. This baggage is fragile .
  8. what a fat man Manuel is there!
  9. That’s a smart decision .
  10. I prefer to study in the afternoon schedule .
  11. I’m going to buy a used car .
  12. Juana looked disheveled .
  13. Pedro is very clumsy for crafts.
  14. Bring the blue tablecloth , please.
  15. I love green apples .
  16. That’s a cunning cat !
  17. My grandmother has a big house .
  18. Contemporary painting is mind boggling .
  19. Let’s do a solidarity event .
  20. The sea is calm .

Negative adjectives

Within the qualifying adjectives we can find the negative adjectives. These are the words that are responsible for showing qualities of a noun that are pejorative, negative or that are not accepted by the majority . In general, these types of adjectives are considered negative by most of society, but we must take into account the context in which they are expressed and the intention of the sender of the sentence.

In other words, even if we use qualifying adjectives that are positive in terms of meaning, taking into account the context and even the tone with which the speaker expresses himself, they can also have a negative connotation.

Some of the most used in English can be adjectives such as ugly, vague, unpleasant, stingy … etc.

Examples of negative adjectives

We have now reached the important point in our lesson where we are going to show some examples of negative adjectives. Below we offer you some of them in the following list. Take note of which ones you can find when you analyze a sentence or a text:

  • Enlarged
  • Aggressive
  • Unfriendly
  • Penny pincher
  • Capricious
  • Corrupt
  • Harmful
  • Inconsiderate
  • Ruthless
  • Negligible
  • Egocentric
  • Selfish
  • Conceited
  • Jealous
  • Fake
  • Faker
  • Ugly
  • Hypocrite
  • Horrible
  • Indiscreet
  • Unbearable
  • Intolerant
  • Impolite
  • Bad
  • You liar
  • Negative
  • Pedantic
  • Resentful
  • Stingy
  • Stubborn
  • Tyrant
  • Vain
  • Vengeful
  • Violent

Examples of sentences with negative adjectives

Now you know some adjectives that are considered negative, but we want you to understand it better by using it in a context, so we show you some of them used in sentences. Go for it:

  • Miguel is a very violent boy.
  • You are selfish, they are always thinking about your affairs and you never worry about what others may need.
  • I’m not buying that dress! It’s very ugly, really.
  • That man is very dangerous, he has been convicted several times for armed robbery.
  • You shouldn’t smoke anymore, the doctor has told you that this habit is very bad for your health and you could have a heart attack.
  • She is very envious, she cannot bear that others have a better job than her own or that her results are worse than those of the rest of her colleagues.
  • I don’t like his sister, she’s very unpleasant.
  • Carmen’s boss is a tyrant, trampling on her labor rights over and over again. He is continually threatening them with dismissal.
  • Antonio does not go beyond uploading selfies to Instagram, I think he is egocentric.
  • Roberto always takes his own food, he does not want to eat out because he is very tight-fisted.

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