English Grammar

Differences between Adjective and Adverb with examples

Adjective

The adjective is a part of the sentence or type of word that is intended to complement a noun in order to qualify it. This word expresses characteristics or properties of the noun, whether concrete (perceived with the senses) or abstract (perceived with the mind). Differences between Adjective and Adverb

Formerly, traditional grammar distinguished between qualifying adjectives and determinative adjectives; However, nowadays only the qualifiers are considered adjectives, and the determining term is reserved for the latter.

An adjective has two functions with respect to a noun. One is to determine it because by adding an adjective to a name, it is already distinguished from the others. These types of adjectives are known as specific or restrictive.

The second function is descriptive, the adjective is used to describe the noun, but without distinguishing it from others. For example, if we say that grass is green, we are not going to differentiate it from herbs of other colors. In this case, we are facing an explanatory or non-restrictive adjective, which is very common in poetry and literature.

Adjectives can have gender and number to match the noun. They can have a single ending, in which case they do not vary in gender, but in number (weak/weak, strong/strong) and two endings when they vary in gender and number (good/good, good/good)

Adjectives examples

  1. The house is small.
  2. This chair is old. He is cute.
  3. That cup is very fragile.
  4. That hammock is yellow.
  5. That dog is very affectionate.

Adverb

The adverb is the part of the sentence that complements the verb, an adjective, sentences, and other adverbs. Its function is to express circumstances, such as mode, place, quantity, time, statement. doubt, etc. Its purpose is to answer the questions When? Where? How? In what way? Differences between Adjective and Adverb

Its function can be carried out by isolated words known as adverbs or by groups of two or more words known as adverbial phrases.

An adverb can circumstantially complement a verb (it was yesterday), quantify or complement an adjective (very bad) and quantify another adverb (quite close).

Adverbs examples

  1. José works away.
  2. have not arrived yet.
  3. In this exam, I went wrong.
  4. I actually liked the book.
  5. He may not come today.

Differences between Adjective and Adverb

  1. Adjectives are words that are used to modify or complement a noun.
  2. Adverbs are words that modify or complement a verb or verb phrase.
  3. The function of the adjective is to qualify a noun. Express, specify, or accentuate the concrete or abstract characteristics attributed to a noun.
  4. Adverbs are responsible for expressing circumstances such as mode, place, statement, place, and time. It is a circumstantial complement of a verb.
  5. Adverbs complement verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs.
  6. Adjectives always complement nouns.
    Differences between Adjective and Adverb

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