The tacit subject is one that is not expressed in the sentence but that can be understood by the context. For example: We run every day. (Unspoken subject: us) / I met your brother. (Unspoken subject: me). Differences between tacit and express subject
Sentences in English are syntactically organized into two different parts: a subject (who performs the action) and a predicate (the execution of that action).
In sentences with an unspoken subject, the person who performs the action is omitted but there is no doubt about its existence. To detect who the subject is in a sentence with an unspoken subject, there are some clues:
- The conjugation of the verb . For example: We can have dinner here. The verb ending – emos indicates that it is a conjugated verb in the first person plural (we).
- The pronouns . For example, they came to his house at night. The possessive pronoun “his” indicates that the subject is he, she or you.
- Express subject in the previous sentence. For example: Clara studied Portuguese. Now he teaches it at the university. If we have been following the coherence of the text, we know that the second sentence continues to speak of Clara, therefore, the tacit subject will be “she”.
Sentences with an unspoken subject are not sentences devoid of a subject, therefore, they are bimembre sentences since they have a subject and a predicate.
Nor should they be confused with impersonal sentences (for example: It is raining ), which do not have a subject since the action is carried out by itself.
Examples of sentences with an unspoken subject
- Let’s go to the movies tomorow? (Unspoken subject: us)
- He left after midnight. (Unspoken subject: he / she / you)
- Finally they arrived! (Unspoken subject: they / they / you)
- Come back soon, please. (Unspoken subject: you)
- Do you want us to seat you by the window? (Unspoken subject: you)
- He waited an hour in vain. (Unspoken subject: he / she / you)
- We never saw him again . (Unspoken subject: us)
- Today they do not work . (Unspoken subject: they / they / you)
- Pour me a double. (Unspoken subject: you)
- And where did it come from? (Unspoken subject: he / she / you)