Research Writing

What is research problem with examples/characteristics

Purpose of defining a research problem

By establishing a research problem we seek to accomplish the following: What is research problem with examples?

  1. Introduce the importance of the topic in the research proposal.
  2. Position the problem in an appropriate context.
  3. Provide a framework to analyze and report the results.

Defining the research problem is part of the stages of a market research .

7 characteristics of a research problem

Make sure you meet these essential characteristics for an effective research problem. Due to the variety of research we carry out, it is not possible to include all of these features in one project. However, be sure to consider and cover most of them to allow people to look at, examine, and understand the market research problem.

  • Covers the essential needs or questions : The researcher must have a specific statement of the problem in the research. Unless you don’t address the crucial issues, your research won’t carry much weight. The research project could be wasted time and money if these issues are not of great importance. Make sure the most critical needs and concerns are not missed so that your marketing strategies are correct. What is research problem with examples?
  • State the problem logically and clearly : Another characteristic of a research problem is that if you cannot state it logically or clearly in the research proposal, the problem is likely weak or not a problem.To test it out, synthesize the specific problem in a paragraph and make sure it makes sense and covers all the crucial points. Share the problem with others and if it is not understood by even a few, consider a more logical approach to specifying the problem.
  • Research is based on real (not hypothetical) facts and evidence: There is a difference between beliefs and facts. Keep fiction out of this. The investigation must be based on real facts and not on beliefs. Hypothetical events won’t do the investigation any good. Another characteristic of a research problem is that you cannot consider the findings to be true or accurate if you do not base them on facts and evidence. It must suggest a meaningful and testable hypothesis.
  • The research problem generates and encourages research questions : The research must create multiple questions. These questions should be more specific to research that highlights the different components or aspects of the problem. What is research problem with examples?These questions should help to better address the problem by providing a solid framework for investigation. Asking those questions is the challenge that needs to be addressed correctly.
  • Must be on budget and on schedule : Ensures that the investigation can be conducted within budget and time frame. Consider logistical factors to ensure the success of your investigation. Losing the research due to lack of money and manpower to complete it within a certain time will be a great loss. Go after only the problems that are feasible.
  • Sufficient data can be obtained : The investigation is based on facts and findings and there must be multiple cases to prove the investigation. Research based on limited data will not prove or satisfy a theory.So another of the characteristics of a research problem is that data must be available otherwise it does not make sense to continue with the research.
  • The problem has an unsatisfactory answer or is a new problem : Make sure there is little or no research on the topic. If the problem already has an existing answer, and this answer is tried and tested, it is probably best to move on and not waste time finding something that is already known.

Research problem statement

What is the research problem statement? It is simply the question that must be addressed. It is described as the lack of knowledge about a particular problem or issue.  What is research problem with examples?

A functional research problem helps bridge the knowledge gap in a field that can lead to more research. A precise statement of the problem helps to identify the reason for the research project.

These are some characteristics that you should take into account:

  • It must be significant to the extent that it contributes positively to the research
  • Should help in future research
  • With the collected data, you need to understand the problem clearly
  • It should be in the interest of the researcher, adapt to their time, knowledge, skills and resources
  • The approach to problem solving must be ethical
  • You can apply the research methods usual


A research problem has the following components:

Research consumer : A group of individuals or several groups of individuals must have difficulties or face a problem. Researchers can be part of this group dealing with the problem. Everyone else who faces the problem but is not included in the investigation is the consumer of the investigation.

Research consumer objective : The research consumer must face a problem or need to have an issue addressed. If there is no problem, there can be no basis for conducting the investigation.

Alternative means to meet the objective : Always have a “Plan B” when tackling a market research problem. It means that the researcher must have at least two means or courses of action to fulfill the objective of the investigation. If there is no choice or alternative to meet the objective of the investigation, the investigator cannot have a problem. What is research problem with examples?

Doubts in the selection of alternatives: Having an alternative means to fulfill the objective is only part of the problem. Both means should be such that the researcher has doubts as to which is the better approach of the two. This really makes research more reliable.

There must be more than one medium: It is imperative that the problem exists in more than one setting. It may happen that a change in environmental factors mitigates the problem. A researcher may doubt the most efficient means in environment “A”, but may not doubt environment “B” as much.

Steps to formulate a research problem

These are the five basic steps in posing a research problem :

Identify the research area: Begin your research by identifying a broad area based on your interest, specialty, profession, experience, and knowledge. This area must have some kind of meaning in relation to your interest and specialty of knowledge. For example, a researcher studying sports education may select areas such as football, soccer, hockey, and baseball. These are the broadest areas that can be subdivided into various research topics to discover marketing strategies.

2. Divide the area into subareas : After choosing a broad area to study, dig into a specific topic that is manageable and researchable. To do this, divide the area into subareas and choose a specific topic. For example, if your area of ​​research is soccer, it can be divided into the following subcategories: What is research problem with examples?

  • Soccer Players Profile
  • Profile of football clubs
  • The level of football clubs
  • The impact of the club in the city
  • Income generating areas
  • Sponsors of football clubs

3. Choose a subarea : It is not possible to study all subareas due to time and money constraints. Therefore, choose one of your interest and that is manageable and feasible. The area you select must be of some importance to the investigation and must be meaningful to the knowledge of the investigation.

4. Formulate research questions: After choosing a specific sub-area, think about the areas to explore and investigate. Begin to write down the questions that you consider important to the research study. What is research problem with examples?

Many questions may arise, but narrow down and choose the most important and impactful ones. The duration of the investigation depends on the number of questions that are asked. Choose the questions, depending on the expected duration of your investigation.

5. Establish the objectives of the investigation : You should draw a plan about the objectives of the investigation that you need to explore. Research objectives help identify research questions. There is a difference between the research question and the research objective. The difference is the way they are written. Research questions generally consist of an interrogative tone. On the other hand, the research objectives are goal oriented. They include terms like examine, investigate, explore, and find out.

Market research problem example

Organizations and companies use market research problems to measure the risks associated with launching a new product or service. They don’t want to spend money expanding a product line that research shows will not be successful. A well-designed and well-executed market study helps to identify customer interests, tastes, and consumer preferences to help them make product or service decisions. What is research problem with examples?

Example of a research problem statement

This is one of the most important characteristics of a research problem, so you should spend time refining and evaluating the questions before beginning your research activities.

A research question must be direct, focused, and appropriately complex to capture the most relevant information. Do you have difficulty writing research problems? Follow these examples to write a problem statement:

Incorrect : What are the effects of social media on people?

Correct : What effect does daily Facebook use have on teens?

In the example above, the first question is not specific enough to capture accurate information. Nobody knows what social networks you are talking about and what “people” you mean.

Let’s look at another example of a marketing research problem.

Incorrect : Who has a better healthcare system? The United States or the United Kingdom?

Correct : How do low-income people feel about the healthcare system, and how do the UK and the US compare?

The first question is very broad and does not reach a definitive conclusion about the health systems of both countries.

The third example of how to write a problem statement is:

Incorrect : What will help political parties to address the problems of low voter turnout?

Correct : What communication strategies can political parties apply to increase voter turnout among 25-30 year olds? What is research problem with examples?

Again, comparing both statements, the second is more direct and refers only to a specific group of people, thus collecting actionable information.

Advantages of using problem investigation software

Formulating a research problem is only a crucial part of the process. Another essential aspect of research is the use of market research tools . You can do a lot by choosing the right research platform to solve a specific problem.

Here are the benefits of using a robust research software tool:

  1. Make market research more efficient : You can collect actionable data from research to help make accurate decisions.
  2. You collect quality information : The professional tools come with a number of features and survey questions that help you probe your audience in detail.
  3. Use of logic in survey: Accuracy of data is vital for making decisions, both large and small. Good research design with powerful survey logic like branch and jump logic helps you ask the right questions of the right audience.
  4. Collect unbiased data : Data, if biased, will lead to failure in decision making. You need to capture unbiased data to make efficient decisions.
  5. Data analysis : Why spend time analyzing data manually when you can automate the process from a tool? Good survey software provides accurate data analysis to aid decision making.
  6. Advanced analysis techniques : Take your research a step further with a powerful set of techniques such as analysis MAXDIFF , the Conjoint Analysis , the TURF Analysis and Analysis Heat Map .
  7. Discover Brand Insights: Gain the insights your brand needs to excel. Gather honest information that will help you take your business to the next level.


These are the advantages of formulating a research problem:

  • Understand the investigation procedure: Writing the problems of an investigation helps to better understand the procedure to follow. Many researchers think that formulating a research problem is simple, but that is not true. The researcher needs to put a lot of effort to create a specific problem and then understand the research procedure.
  • Determine the objective of the investigation : A research problem helps to understand the intention and objectives of the investigation. The methodology cannot be defined without a clear research problem.
  • Design the research process : A research problem helps to identify the approach to take for the research activity. It helps in identifying each step that must be taken to do the research: the sampling strategy, the research design , the analysis, and the instruments to be used.
  • Establish Research Foundations : Formulating a good research problem is compared to laying the foundation for a building. If the research problem is well identified, you will face fewer setbacks during the research process. What is research problem with examples?

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