The terms Hellenic, Hellenism, Hellenic and Hellenization have the same etymology, the Greek word hellen, which means precisely Greek. Therefore, the Hellenization concept refers to a specific idea: the assimilation of Greek culture and tradition. Hellenization
the hellenistic period
After Alexander the Great’s conquests, the Greeks began to occupy many territories that became colonies. In this way, the Greek model prevailed in these new colonies in a broad sense. Thus, the philosophy, politics and art they had cultivated – especially the Athenians – adapted to the social context of the new territories.
Most historians place the Hellenistic period between the deaths of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. C and Cleopatra, in 30 a. C. During these 300 years, the Greek language, culture and mentality prevailed in many territories. This spread of the Greek paradigm is considered to be the origin of Western civilization. Hellenization
The city of Alexandria and its illustrious museum represent the model of hellenization
Philip II of Macedonia, Alexander’s father, had conquered most of the city- states of Greece and his son finalized his project by consolidating a new political model, so that the city-states lost their political independence and ended up being part of a dominated empire. by a monarchical system . Thus, the city of Alexandria, Egypt, became the new Athens during the Hellenistic period and this circumstance expresses the true spirit of Hellenization.
The symbol of the Hellenization of Alexandria was its great library
It researched the most privileged minds of the ancient world:
- – Hipparcro made a map of the constellations and measured the brightness of the stars;
- – Euclid founded the geometry understood today;
- – Herophilus dedicated himself to philosophy and stated that the brain is the seat of intelligence instead of the heart;
- – Archimedes focused on mechanics, hydrostatics and designed all types of machines;
- – Ptolemy laid the foundations of astronomy and his vision of the Earth’s situation in the universe was in force for 1500 years; Hellenization
- – Eratosthenes studied the movements of the stars and made the first measurement of the Earth;
- – Mathematics and astronomer Hippatia, who was murdered as a result of religious tensions in Alexandria, is the symbol of the end of the Hellenistic period.
Each of the scientists at the Library researched some area of reality , what we currently know as scientific disciplines. In this sense, for the Greek mentality the order of the universe or cosmos must be explained with strictly rational criteria. Hellenization