A euphemism is a word or expression that can be accepted and used in place of another word in bad taste or even as a taboo at certain times, which can be offensive, as well as causing undesirable or unpleasant effects to the ears. Likewise, a euphemism can be a word or expression used to hide some secret or sacred name so that it avoids being said.
The euphemisms are very common and are part of our daily lives, often without noticing their existence. It is especially in political language that certain very formal and unpopular words or expressions are avoided to make room for more pleasing terms to the listener’s ears. For example, over the past few years, many politicians have avoided using the term “ economic crisis ” and replacing it with other terms such as recession or slowing growth .
Classification of euphemisms
Among the various existing classifications of euphemism, the most prominent is that elaborated by Alberda Marco, who divides the euphemisms into the following groups: Euphemi sm
Paralinguistic : the euphemism is found in intonation and gestures. For example, when we use the word crazy in a friendly way to address a colleague.
Phonetics : this includes euphemisms consisting in modifying some phoneme of the word that one wants to avoid, those that have some reduction of the term or expression (narco-trafficker) and also those that use the paronymic substitution. Euphemism
Morphological : they are euphemisms constructed through the inclusion of suffixes and prefixes, in the face of a composition (using the expression third world in place of poor countries), as well as in the face of a flexible gender change (being a bird).
Syntactics : the euphemism also consists of an omission (sending the m…. instead of sending the shit), in using a juxtaposition (sweet rice) or it can even be a syntagmatic grouping of words (lady who smokes instead of use prostitute).
Lexicons : avoids the use of a word through foreign words (doping instead of drug consumption), cultism (drunk instead of drunk), technicalities (commercial by salesperson) or slang (goat instead of car or weapon product of theft) .
Semantics : here are various rhetorical figures such as metaphor (rest instead of death), metonymy (collateral damage instead of civilian victims), antiphrase (humanitarian war) or periphrasis (precarious housing settlements instead of slums) . Euphemism