From 1933 to 1945 Germany was ruled by Adolf Hitler, the leader of the National Socialist Party, also known as the Nazi Party. During this period, Germany provoked World War II and staged one of the most dramatic episodes in human history, the extermination of millions of Jews. Nazi Germany
Key facts to understand Nazi Germany
The Nazi Party put in place a powerful propaganda system to control German public opinion . In this sense, Jews were blamed for the economic crisis that the country was going through in the early 1930s and systematically the person responsible for this Nazi propaganda (Joseph Goebbels) launched an intense anti-Semitic campaign.
The Nazi government controlled artistic events, manipulated the media communication and employed the sport mass to entertain and distract the whole of society (the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin were a demonstration in this sense). Nazi Germany
Like Stalin’s Soviet Union and Mao’s China, the figure of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany was revered throughout society. This phenomenon is known as personality cult. For the Germans, Hitler was not just a ruler, but a leader or a guide for the people (fuhrer in German).
The Nazi party propagated the theory of Aryan racial supremacy (doctrine, considered heretical by historical and orthodox Christianity) and through this pseudoscientific approach there was already a theoretical justification for classifying the population and exterminating all social groups considered inferior. Thus, the persecution of Jews, Gypsies and homosexuals was based on this racist theory. Nazi Germany
The popularity of the Nazis in Germany was a complex phenomenon, but one that revived much of the country’s economy.
In the years before Nazism, Germany had an unemployment rate of over 40%, there was hyperinflation and the German state had to pay a multi-million debt because of World War I repairs.
The 1933 elections were won by the Nazi party with a strong motto: bread and work. In a few years it was able to drastically reduce unemployment and inflation. Nazi Germany
To fulfill his promises, Hitler adopted measures that soon led to the country’s economic recovery.
1) failed to pay debt to repair the post-war country and invested money in major infrastructure;
2) as a result of all this, the high level of unemployment has been reduced;
3) Jewish property was massively expropriated by the state.
In the global context of a deep economic crisis brought on by the Great Depression, Germany experienced a few years of economic recovery and widespread illusion. Naturally, the climate of optimism gradually faded when the country began its expansion into Europe and the German people finally entered into yet another World War.