Dictatorship is called a political or governing organization that is not chosen by vote, by any type of institutionally pre-established mechanism, or by any issue that violates any type of legal norm for the exercise of power. Dictatorships establish a power exercised in fact, that is, they lack social legitimacy. In some cases, dictatorships can arise from institutional processes, including a valid suffrage, but which later violate the norms that must be complied with by the government. In this case, it is difficult to unmask the dictatorship, as it is presented through a democratic election. Dictatorships can often derive from repressive regimes on a large scale, especially when they are questioned by critics who highlight inconsistencies.
Dictatorships can present many variations in their ideologies, although they are always characterized by intolerance to dissent and the exercise of optional power. In the 20th century, it was represented in large part by fascism and certain socialist governments that kept away any type of political variant outside the dominant one. In the first case, we can highlight Mussolini’s Italy and Hitler’s Germany. In this type of regime, obedience to a leader was obsolete and any kind of dissent was severely punished. These regimes were the cause of World War II, because they wanted to extend their domains and access to resources .
In relation to regimes framed within a more orthodox socialism, we can highlight the Soviet Union. This type of organization maintained a single party and any deviation from orthodoxy was punished. This means that it not only prohibited the existence of political parties, but also persecuted those who did not fit into the proposed ideology and who deviated from official norms.
Nowadays, it is still possible to observe some countries governed by dictatorships. They are often in deplorable economic conditions as a result of the prevailing lack of freedom . Indeed, a sound economy needs the freedom of the members of society . This circumstance provides a good business climate and the possibility of a free flow of capital, creating new responses to existing needs and generating jobs.