The biological hybrid is the genetic combination of different races, genders or species through sexual reproduction. Genetic experimentation allows the modification of living beings through the crossing of two organisms of different species and, as a result, a hybrid being is produced. Hybrid in biology
However, for thousands of years, humans have created new species of plants and breeds of animals without the need to manipulate the genetic code in a laboratory.
Examples of fruits and plants
The female and male seeds are responsible for creating a hybrid. The female flower’s stamens are cut before releasing the pollen, while the male flower extracts the pollen through an aspiration process to fertilize the female flower. Hybrid in biology
There are many species of hybrid vegetables. Clementine is the result of an accidental hybridization process, as it is the fusion of two plant species: tangerine and bitter orange. Red Indian chestnut is a mixture of two different species: Aesculus hippocastanum and Aesculus pavia. The pomelo or grapefruit is a spontaneous hybrid species , as it can be obtained through pampelmusa and sweet orange. In the botanical classification the banana tree is known by the name Musa x paradisiaca, since these two varieties are the origin of the hybrid.
Examples of animal hybridization between different species
Among the species that can hybridize freely are the following animals: wolves, dogs, jackals and wild animals, but foxes cannot be part of a possible cross because their chromosome number is different.
In the cat family there are curious crosses, since domestic cats can cross with other wild cats and thus obtain new breeds of cats. On the other hand, tigers, leopards and jaguars can mate freely. Hybrid in biology
Africanized bees, also known as killer bees, are the result of a scientific experiment . Hybrid in biology
We, of the human species, have been the protagonists of hybridization processes throughout history. It should be noted that the homo sapiens species is the result of crossing with other homo species, such as the Neandertals.
hybrids in fiction
Human fantasy has also created hybrid species, especially in the world of mythology. Some of these beings are: the minotaur (man’s body and bull’s head), pegasus (horse with wings) and mermaids and newts (half fish and half human). Hybrid in biology