The coarse, provocative, demeaning, and mean words that are used to define people or situations are known as dysphemisms. This resource of language does not consist simply in using vulgar words, but in using them with a clear offensive and transgressive intention. As in many other situations in human communication , the context is what determines whether or not a word has a pejorative connotation. Dysphemism
Examples that can be observed
When a person refers to a doctor and calls him a healer, or when he refers to a criminal lawyer and is labeled an abogánster (gangster lawyer), it means that he is employing dysphemism, because healer and the expression abogánster have a disqualifying intention . However, an insult is not always derogatory or offensive. So when someone says “how well this son of a xxx plays!” is expressing admiration for someone.
It is in sexual language that dysphemism is most abundant. Fucking instead of making love and a bunch (Spanish) instead of fiery would be some examples. In the field of sexuality, the use of language is especially delicate, as certain words are considered taboo. Dysphemism
Dysphemism loses its derogatory meaning when the context of language is humorous. Thus, when telling a joke it is socially valid to use profanity.
The social function of dysphemisms in youth communication
The use of insults or taboo words is inappropriate in most communication contexts. However, among the younger people, this form of communication fulfills a social function : it enhances the fact of belonging to a group and creates bonds of solidarity . From a psychological point of view, a young person uses all kinds of offensive words, because in this way he faces the prohibitions imposed by adults.
The use of euphemisms is the reverse phenomenon.
A euphemism is the word or expression used to avoid an inappropriate way of speaking. In other words, it is the politically correct use of language. Dysphemism
When a person believes that the word old is offensive to refer to an older person, it can be said that he lives in the golden age.
Penitentiary center is an euphemism for not directly saying the word prison
Instead of talking about layoffs, it’s less impactful to talk about downsizing.
If we take the death of an individual as a reference , there are three options to talk about this situation: he died, he moved to a better life or he kicked off. The first way is correct, but very direct and for this reason it is often avoided. The second is an understatement. The third is a dysphemism.