From the writings of Hipócrates, in century V a. C, it is said that proper nutrition is the basis for good health. In this sense, a deficient or inadequate diet is the main cause of illness in the world. Problems such as diabetes, high cholesterol or obesity are directly related to the food we eat. On the other hand, an adequate diet depends not only on the type of food, but also on its combinations. Diet Therapy
Diet therapy is a discipline that focuses on the pursuit of health through proper nutrition
Dietotherapy specialists do not rely on diets to lose weight, as their priority is the individual’s health .
This course deals with different areas of expertise:
1) nutritional assessment, Diet Therapy
2) relationship between diseases and nutrition ,
3) nutritional treatment for each type of surgery,
4) study of nutrition among the school population,
5) relationship between medicine and food,
6) diet during pregnancy and the latency period,
7) elderly nutrition,
8) nutrition of hospitalized patients and postoperative diets,
9) energy and protein needs of individuals,
10) study of adverse food reactions.
Finally, diet therapy presents the appropriate diets to improve or restore people’s health.
There are a number of diseases that are caused by some nutritional deficit, such as rickets and scurvy. There are also diseases with unbalanced diets, such as obesity and high blood pressure. Other pathologies generate some type of dietary limitation, such as allergies and kidney failure.
On occasion, after modifying a nutrient in the diet, significant health benefits can already be obtained.
General advice from the perspective of diet therapy
- – It is convenient to maintain the proper body weight.
- – To maintain good health, it is advisable to consume a variety of foods.
- – Low- fat diets are used to prevent cardiovascular disease.
- – The consumption of sugar should be done in moderation.
- – Fried, smoked and cured foods should be limited.
- – Salt intake should be moderate.
- – Some habits are not recommended for health, such as excessive consumption of alcohol, tobacco and artificial sweetening drinks.