A speaker is a person who speaks before an audience, and for this, uses the resource of oratory, which is defined as the art of speaking eloquently (the ability to persuade). Characteristics of a good speaker
While the speaker may have other goals (for example, to tell a story), he always wants to have some kind of effect on his audience (to convince them of his position, motivate them, report a discovery, alert them, raise a problem, interest them in a story, etc.).
Ultimately, the persuasion of the speaker aims to provoke the interest of his audience, in order to effectively convey his message. Speaking can be individual (one person addresses a group) or group (two or more people alternate their participation in the speech, addressed to a group).
Characteristics of a good speaker :
A speaker should dress appropriately, but always with the audience in mind. Your posture should be upright (with your shoulders slightly back), showing determination and security.
Your presence should not be static but should move to address different sectors of the public and to show your enthusiasm and convey it to the audience. Characteristics of a good speaker
You must master the topic, the arguments you will develop but also anticipate the questions that may direct you. His knowledge of the subject that he will develop allows him to maintain a fluent speech, without hesitation that can cause mistrust or diminish the interest of the public.
On the other hand, preparation also includes punctuality, knowing the venue where the presentation will take place, and knowing what technological elements it will have (microphone, projector, etc.).
Knowing the subject is not enough to be able to express it effectively. A speaker will practice in private the best way to present his arguments, combining content, tone of voice, gestures, rhythm, and any other element that he includes in his dissertation.
While possible questions should be anticipated in your preparation, if you are unable to answer any, admit your limitations rather than try to mislead your audience with false answers.
Words must be pronounced correctly but also clearly, with a distinctive modulation of each consonant and vowel. Characteristics of a good speaker
In the same way as the clothing, the vocabulary must always be adapted to both the subject matter and the public. If it is necessary to use a specific word to designate a concept of some discipline ( biology, philosophy, medicine, etc.) that the public probably does not know, the term will be used only after it has been explained in a pleasant, clear, and concise way.
The presentation of a good speaker should be dynamic, using various digital or visual techniques that help keep the audience’s attention. Part of this dynamism also implies taking the necessary pauses when speaking, marking stages in the speech, create expectations or facilitate the understanding of the message.
The speaker should be aware of the fragments of his presentation that are most prone to debate. That is why your preparation must include arguments to defend yourself against the expected criticism.
While the speaker must be convinced and firm in his position, he must also listen to the opinions of the audience and respect those who disagree with his opinions.
The gestures of both the face and the body should be used to emphasize the verbal messages, to favor the empathy of the public, or to maintain the dynamism of the exhibition.
However, it should be used consciously as a means of non-verbal communication, and never abandon it to chance, since if it is not used properly it can become a distraction or even contradict the message that you want to convey.
10-Visual and verbal contact
By establishing visual contact with different members of the audience, attention and integration towards the subject being presented are promoted. In addition, the audience must be appealed to using the second person singular frequently in their speech. Characteristics of a good speaker