Artificial language is a sign system created specifically for use in areas where the use of natural language is less effective or impossible. Constructed languages differ in specialization and purpose, as well as in the degree of similarity to natural languages. We are describing here the Types of artificial language.
Types of Artificial language
There are the following types of artificial languages:
1-Programming languages and computer languages
languages for automatic processing of information using a computer.
are languages used in various information processing systems.
of science are languages intended for symbolic recording of scientific facts and theories of mathematics, logic, chemistry, and other sciences.
4-Languages of non-existent peoples
created for fiction or entertainment purposes. The best known are the Elvish language, invented by J. Tolkien, and the Klingon language, invented by Mark Okrand for the fantasy series “Star Trek” (see Fictional Languages).
5-International auxiliary languages
created from elements of natural languages and offered as an auxiliary means of interethnic communication.
Artificial languages according to the purpose
According to the purpose of creation, artificial languages can be divided into the following groups :
1-Philosophical and logical languages
are languages that have a clear logical structure of word formation and syntax
are intended for practical communication: Esperanto, Interlingua, Slovio, Slavic.
3-Artistic or aesthetic languages
created for creative and aesthetic pleasure: Quenya.
Also, a language is created for setting up an experiment, for example, to test the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (that the language spoken by a person limits consciousness, drives it into a certain framework).
Artificial languages by their structurere
By their structure, artificial language projects can be divided into the following groups:
1-A Priori languages
based on logical or empirical classifications of concepts: Loglan, Lojban, ro, Solresol, ifkuil, ilaksh.
2-A posteriori languages
are languages built mainly on the basis of international vocabulary: interlingua, occidental
words and word formation are partly borrowed from non-artificial languages, partly created on the basis of artificially invented words and word-formation elements: Volapuk, Ido, Esperanto, Neo.
Famous Artificial languages
- Basic English
- on “vi
- simlic language
- salt salt
Esperanto as an artificial language
Esperanto became the most famous artificial language (L. Zamenhof, 1887) – the only artificial language that became widespread and united around itself quite a lot of supporters of the international language. Esperanto is based on international words borrowed from Latin and Greek, and 16 grammatical rules that have no exceptions. There is no grammatical gender in this language, it has only two cases – nominative and accusative, and the meanings of the rest are conveyed using prepositions. The alphabet is based on Latin. All this makes Esperanto such a simple language that an untrained person can learn to speak it fluently enough in a few months of regular studies. It takes at least several years to learn any of the natural languages at the same level. Currently, Esperanto is actively used, according to various estimates, from several tens of thousands to several million people. At the same time, it is believed that for ~ 500-1000 people this language is native, that is, studied from the moment of birth. Esperanto has descendant languages that lack a number of shortcomings in Esperanto. The most famous of these languages are Esperantido and Novial. However, none of them will become as widespread as Esperanto.