There are thousands of languages and dialects in the world. This reality makes communication difficult , especially at the international level. In the late 19th century, a Polish ophthalmologist named Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof had the brilliant idea to improve communication between the planet’s inhabitants: the creation of a universal language. This language was initially called Linguo Internacio, but soon became known as Esperanto.
Esperanto was not intended to replace existing languages, as its purpose is to provide a complementary vehicle to facilitate understanding at the supranational level.
The constituent document of this language is the Declaration of Boulogne, which was published in 1905. Its content contains several paragraphs: the purpose of this auxiliary language, its grammar and a specific dictionary. Esperanto
Esperanto is not just a language, as it comes with certain ideals. Thus, the intention is to create a neutral language to favor understanding between people who speak different languages. On the other hand, the Esperantist movement emphasizes a circumstance: the new language has no dominant intention nor does it want to become a tool of power. As specified in the Declaration of Boulogne, Esperanto is a World Heritage Site.
- – Zamenhof’s initial project had the collaboration of his wife and friends from high school. However, the first sketches of the project were burned by his father while he was away from home, starting his medical studies.
- – The universal language initiative was not the only one of its creator, as Zamenhof also worked on two projects with an international focus: a single currency for the whole world and a new universal religion. Esperanto
- – Among its main features, one stands out: it can be learned very quickly (it is estimated that with 150 hours of study it is possible to speak fluently).
- – Two of the first intellectuals who supported the new language project were: Russian writer Leon Tolstoy and French writer Jules Verne. Esperanto
- – Since 1910, Esperanto has spread throughout the world. In France, its use was recommended in scientific publications . In countries like China or Bulgaria, it began to be studied in schools. Education authorities in Brazil promoted its use in correspondence, and the League of Nations proposed that Esperanto be supported as an auxiliary language.
- – With the coming to power of the Nazis, in Germany, the use of this language was prohibited.
- – In 1966, in Argentina, a new project was launched: a passport service so that Esperantists from all over the world could stay free of charge in the homes of other users of the new language. Currently, this service exists in 89 countries and France is the country with the highest number of registered users (119).
- – It is estimated that currently 2 million people are part of the Esperanto community . Esperanto
- – Most linguists believe that this auxiliary language with international projection cannot achieve its objective, as it is not easy to convince a whole community to adopt a new language.