Appositions with their types explanation and illustration


apposition is called a grammatical construction in which, in a sentence, two grammatical elements are united in an unconventional way, that is, without the need for a nexus or a connector to intervene, and one of which explains or completes the other. Appositions with their types explanation

Usually, appositions are used to modify the nuclei of noun phrases, adding content through juxtaposition, the introduction of commas, or prepositions such as “de”.

Illustrations of Appositions

  1. Barack Obama, the first Black President of America, spent two terms in office.
  2. Her son, a doctor, practices in her friend’s hospital.
  3. The Senator, an articulate activist, won the election for the third time

Types of Synonyms

depending on the type of function and the structure they present, appositions can be of two different types Appositions with their types explanation

1-Single or specific appositions

2-Explanatory appositions

1-Single or specific appositions

in which there is no phonic pause (represented by commas in writing ), and which consists of the union of:

1-Two common nouns

one of which has a figurative or evaluative meaning,

for example: “Did you see that thief lawyer ?” or “The prophet king will address his people.”

2-A common noun and then a proper noun

fulfilling an evident specific role,

for example: “The Danube River flows from west to east” or ” Professor Vargas was run over.”

3-A proper noun and then a common noun

in which gender and number agreement between the nouns is usually found, always in the third person.

For example: ” Five million people live in Buenos Aires city .”

2-Explanatory appositions

n which the terms are separated by commas, parentheses or phonic pauses of another type. Sometimes they can present prepositions. In this case, both terms must necessarily refer to the same referent. This type of apposition can be formed by:

1-A proper name and then a title or common name

which explains who the first is,

for example: ” DelacroixDuke of Brittany, has just arrived ” or “That over there is Bermúdezmy English teacher .”

2-A title or common name and then a proper name

which operates in the same way as the previous one, but inverted,

for example: “The then PopePius XII, blessed the German troops” or “That sheepDolly, was the first clone of history ”.

3-A common name and another common or equivalent name

not always concordant in gender and number,

for example: “The woman, a Romanian, danced on stage” or ” I, the undersigned, accept the terms of the contract.” Appositions with their types explanation

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