Public administration is understood as the set of systems and procedures through which a state organizes a series of services to citizenship. In this way, the government of each nation is responsible for organizing and managing the general interests of citizens, for which a legal norm is needed that specifies all the activities and services of the administration. It can be said that public administration acts as an intermediary between citizens and the state. What is Public Administration?
General aspects in public administration
Each country has its own private bodies that make up the set of public administrations. In general terms, we can highlight three different structures: the central state, regions, federations or autonomies and local entities or city halls.
In democratic nations the power of public administrations is limited by laws, that is, by the rule of law . This mechanism is intended to prevent any hypothetical abuse by the state’s public bodies.
Each administrative structure or body has its own resources , from which financial donations are obtained from the annual budgets of the state. At the same time, each agency has its own organizational chart and human resources. Employees or civil servants are the workers who carry out the management of the public administration. What is Public Administration?
In recent years, the bureaucratic systems of public administration are being complemented by electronic administration.
The most characteristic public services within public administration
Although each national constitution establishes its criteria on which the public services assumed by the state should be, the most common and main ones are the following: sanitary, educational services, related to citizen safety , public transport, social services, public housing plans, civil protection, public media or postal services.
These and other services form the so-called welfare state of nations.
Welfare state models determine the services received by citizens. In any case, the services and services managed by public administrations aim to serve the whole of the citizenry, which is why universalism is spoken of .
Many of the daily actions are related to some public administration. Thus, a birth certificate, a traffic fine, an urban planning permit or a social subsidy are concrete steps taken by public administrations. What is Public Administration?