What are Paragraphs characteristics types structure and examples


The paragraphs are unitary structures of communication through which ideas are developed related to the same topic. In other words, they are excerpts from a text that are made up of main and secondary sentences or expressions. Paragraphs characteristics types structure

On the other hand, the dictionary of the Royal English Academy defines the paragraph as the minimum part of writing in prose that is made up of similar and consecutive ideas. These fragments are identified because they begin with a capital letter and their end is determined by a full stop.

The etymological origin of the word paragraph comes from the Greek word paragraphos. This in turn is composed of the prefix para, which is translated as “similar”, next to and next to, and by the verb grapho, which means writing. So the paragraphs are writings made up of similar approaches.

One of the primary characteristics of paragraphs is the way ideas are placed. In such a way that the main ones are expressed first, followed by the secondary ones, which serve as reinforcement and together give the writing coherence and uniformity.

Paragraph characteristics

The paragraphs have the following characteristics:

Start and end

A paragraph is quickly identified because it begins with a capital letter that is preceded by a small space, which is known as an indentation. On the other hand, it ends with a full stop that suggests the end of the idea to give way to a new one that is linked to the same topic.

Main sentence

Every paragraph is composed of a main sentence, which is easily recognized because it is the one that is responsible for exposing the most important idea of ​​all the sentences that occur in that part. It is this linear unity that begins to give meaning and coherence to the text.

The topic sentence can be located at the beginning, middle, or end of the paragraph.

Secondary sentence

Secondary sentences are those that are derived from the main one, that is, they continue with the sequence of the approach or idea. In such a way that within a paragraph they can be presented in two ways: coordinated and subordinate. Paragraphs characteristics types structure

Now, coordinated sentences are those that by themselves have logic and meaning, they are also intertwined or linked by links. On the other hand, subordinates are those that have meaning according to the statement expressed by other sentences.

Types of paragraphs

Paragraphs can be of different types, including the following:


As its name suggests, this variety of paragraphs is responsible for introducing the main ideas of a given topic.


The development paragraphs are those that conceptualize and argue the idea that was raised in the introduction.


Simply, these types of paragraphs are responsible for finalizing all the ideas and approaches presented throughout the development of a particular text.

Of cause and effect

In the cause and effect paragraphs, events or events are communicated and, consequently, the causes that produced them are explained.


This variety of paragraphs consists of manifesting or exposing the events sequentially and in chronological order. So they are very common in stories, literary texts, news, reports and chronicles.


The descriptive paragraphs detail the information on the subject in detail in order to awaken the senses of the receiver. The author uses the force of words to express without reservation the qualities and aspects of what was discussed. Literary devices are generally used in these paragraphs.


This class of paragraphs is focused on convincing or persuading the reader on a certain topic. The writer tends to contrast, debate and oppose approaches with the intention that the receiver sets a position on the matter. Paragraphs characteristics types structure


Expository paragraphs are characterized by fully and deeply explaining the ideas or approaches of a specific topic. However, its extension and complexity will depend on the content that is developed.


In this type of paragraph the information that is exposed is not concrete, but the interpretation is subject to the understanding and knowledge of each recipient. Commonly, the relative paragraphs are observed in documents of a scientific, technological and medical nature.


Comparative paragraphs are intended to establish similarities or differences between two or more ideas.


The enumeration paragraphs are those that expose a series of events, concepts, definitions, elements or characteristics from the most relevant ideas to those of less importance or value.


In simple terms, the spoken paragraphs express conversations and exchanges of ideas between a sender and a receiver. They are common in stories, fables, and novels.

Paragraph structure

Paragraphs are made up of an internal and an external structure. Each of them is briefly explained below:

Internal structure

The internal structure of the paragraphs is made up of a series of ideas that are related to each other with respect to a particular topic, which are linked or joined through connectives. In addition, all the approaches arise from a central statement or sentence.

In addition to the above, it is added that the central sentence becomes the main one because it contains the most relevant information in a summarized and explicit manner. On the other hand, secondary ideas complement, expand and specify the rest of the arguments that the writer wishes to make to the readers.

External structure

Regarding the external structure of the paragraphs, these are constituted by a capital letter at the beginning, by spelling pauses and punctuation marks, to finally complete the idea with a full stop. As for the length, it will depend on the content of the topic and the author.


As mentioned in previous lines, the paragraphs are made up of a group of structured and hierarchical sentences in terms of their level of importance.

So the main elements of these communicative units are the set of main and secondary sentences that shape the ideas and approaches.


The paragraphs are composed of a series of qualities that allow them to be developed with particularity, organization and compatibility. The following are the most prominent:


Cohesion within paragraphs is related to linking and agreement between words and sentences. Through this quality, the text makes a logical sense, which in turn makes it easier for readers to understand. Paragraphs characteristics types structure


Consistency refers to the way sentences and ideas are distributed within the paragraph. That is, the way they are organized so that the text or writing enjoys hierarchy, clarity and logic. This quality is evidenced in the sequence that exists between the main and secondary sentences.


Unity is associated with criteria and continuity of ideas in a paragraph. In other words, this quality refers to the communion that exists between the main approach and the secondary ones. Therefore, all sentences must point in the same direction to achieve compatibility.


The rhythm of the paragraphs is closely linked to the elements that compose it. This means that the dynamism and speed are conditioned by the punctuation marks and especially by the statement that is exposed in the main idea.


The style of the paragraphs is marked by originality, creativity and the intention of the author or writer when transmitting a message. Now, the fact that there is particularity at the time of writing does not mean that the characteristics, structures and elements that make up these units of expression are left aside.

Examples of paragraphs


A house is a construction created to be inhabited. This term is commonly used to speak of those buildings of a variable number of floors, with doors, windows, bathrooms and other facilities and that are destined to be inhabited by a family.

A house is different from an apartment, since the latter belong to a construction larger than them and share space with others in the same way. The houses are individual units.

The main objective of the houses is to give shelter and protection to a family nucleus from all the adversities that the environment can present. The materials with which a house is built are variable, as well as the environments that it may have. The size of the houses is conditioned by the purchasing power of the owner and his tastes.

The sea

The word sea comes from the Latin mare, which means “portion of salty water“. This word is used to identify the large expanses of salty water that the planet earth has. It is necessary to say that a sea is also considered a lake whose dimensions are considerable.

It is also important to note that when talking about the word sea, it refers to a portion of water that is smaller than that of an ocean. That is, in order of size (from small to large), salt water bodies can be organized like this: lake, sea, ocean. Paragraphs characteristics types structure

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