What are Nouns

The noun

The name or noun is the kind of word that can work, with article or if it, as the subject of the sentence.
The  main syntactic function  of the noun is to be a nucleus (word with greater hierarchy) of the noun phrase. It can be accompanied by determinants.

The use of nouns is perhaps the most important part of a sentence or speech . It is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing or idea. Here, we will analyze more closely what makes a noun so, and we will provide some examples, along with some tips for using them and differentiating them in sentences.

A noun is a word used to identify a person, entity, a place or a concept. These share the same characteristics in different languages ​​such as Spanish and English. The word has its roots in the Latin word “nomen” which means “name.” Each language has words that are used in the same way.

Nouns can be simple words or composed of two or more , like an adjective followed by a noun in a sentence Whenever they refer to only one thing, words are considered a compound noun.

When we begin to learn the parts of speech, trying to identify different words may seem like a challenge. This process becomes easier with practice and therefore it is important to make proper use of nouns.

Types of nouns

There are different subcategories , but depending on the source consulted, it is often said that the most used are two main categories: the own and the common ones . Next, we proceed to detail each of them.

Classification of nouns

They have several important functions in language; and therefore we will see below some of the most relevant types of nouns that can be easily distinguished. We invite you to put them into practice:


Abstract nouns are those words that identify things that do not have a physical presence ; such as emotions, qualities and experiences as well as thoughts among other things. Some examples can be: emotions such as happiness, love, feelings such as privacy or compatibility and even some scientific theories. Within a phrase this name an idea, quality or concept such as courage, thought, freedom, problem and opportunity.


A term for a place, be it a proper name, a physical location or a general location is a noun . Nouns are subjects. Each sentence has a theme, which is a noun that tells us what that sentence is about. It is a name that is not the name of any particular person, place or thing such as an armchair, suitcase, cook, singer, river and table.


A collective noun is one that uniquely refers to a collection or grouping of objects, animals or people of the same type.It can represent a collective name, depending on whether the group is considered as a single unit or as a collection of individuals such as a group of individuals such as team, committee and family.

4. OWN

Proper names are official names that are used to refer to specific places, things and concepts, which are identified as such by capitalization. For example, there are the words used to mention city names, names of people, official holidays and company names; those are some of the many examples of proper names


Concrete nouns are words that help identify things that matter because they can be detected through one of the five senses: sight, hearing, touch, smell or taste. However, some things that we humans cannot detect are still considered concrete because they have a physical presence.

A good example of this is electromagnetic energy or some sounds that are outside the range noticeable to the human ear. A specific noun is usually distinguished as a material or tangible object, something recognizable.


The individual noun is that it refers to people, animals or thing in singular r, and they can go to the plural to name more than one. It refers to the person or thing that is directly involved in or is affected by the action of the verb.


Accounting nouns are used to refer to objects that are identifiable as units that can be counted, but that form a set of the same thing . For example, beans or card decks. Pronouns are also considered a type of noun, although they are words that replace nouns.


Epicean nouns are used to refer to both male or female genders regardless of the grammatical gender of the noun . The most common examples are words that are used to refer to professions or occupations that are instinctively used for both cases such as police, agent, doctor, artist, student and many others. These words do not usually have variations in their grammar such as the word baby or money.


It is a term for an idea, be it a real, feasible idea or a fantasy that may never materialize is a noun. Like many other terms in linguistics, its meaning depends on context and use. These words can be confusing as to their gender since they can be placed before an article in feminine or masculine as the word sea.

Nouns and adjectives

The classification of a noun may change depending on the way that name is used and what it refers to in the real world. When a student receives a school job, they usually have problems with differentiating an adjective from a pronoun because many words can serve as adjective equivalents as the case may be. Many students may be confused at the beginning since the subject can be indicated as the noun as well as the adjective can be indicated as the verb.

If a noun is a person, place or thing, then an adjective is a word that describes a noun as saying the “intelligent student.”  Sometimes we use a noun to describe another noun, a good example is to say “the child is a hero”, where the noun is the “child” and the adjective is “hero”. Both words in other contexts can function as nouns.

The easiest way to differentiate them is by number and gender since adjectives do not have these characteristics. The adjective has the function of describing a quality as well as a property that characterizes the noun. Within a sentence it can be placed independently before or after the noun. Instead a verb establishes a relationship or action between them.

Adjectives generally appear in their singular masculine form in dictionaries, so it is important to know how to match these masculine adjectives in singular with the pronoun within the sentence. Most adjectives end in hears in addition to a consonant in their singular masculine forms.

Most adjectives change shape , depending on whether the noun they describe is male or female. Most of the adjectives that end in consonant do not change according to gender, but they do change by number, as do the adjectives that end in e.

Many words are considered adjectives in their own right, with their own definition within a dictionary.


Next, we will see some examples of sentences that exemplify the previous information since with examples it is easier to understand . They are underlined to differentiate


The theory of relativity is a very important subject of study.

You have to be brave to be a firefighter

  • Common noun:

The eggs are in the fridge

The roast chicken was very tasty

  • Collective Noun:

Today the football team participated in the best game of the season

That family has many children

  • Propper noun:

Madrid is the most beautiful city in Spain

Playa del Carmen is my favorite in all of Mexico

  • Concrete Noun :

I can listen to the music from far away

That chair feels uncomfortable sitting on it

  • Individual Noun:

The lamp is located on a table next to the sofa

Parking the car is small and easy to park

  • Accounting Noun:

The bag contains white beans

The pencils are inside the holster

  • Epicean Noun:

That / that singer’s style is very original

Any student can participate in the exam

  • Ambiguous noun

Today the sea was calmer than yesterday

It is very hot inside the office

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