Predicted in English
The predicate is the part of the sentence that expresses its main content – that which is the subject of affirmation, denial, or question. Here we will make you understand the predicate in English grammar along with examples.
A simple predicate in English is expressed by a personal verb of any tense, voice, and mood.
I love music.
They are sleeping.
(in this case, the verb consists of two words, but it is also considered a simple predicate since both of its constituents represent one verb form)
Compound verb predicate in English
A compound verb predicate consists of a personal verb and an infinitive or gerund.
The infinitive or gerund expresses the main action, and the verb in its personal form clarifies it:
I want to dance.
Modal verbs or verbs that express the beginning, continuation, or end of action, as well as the attitude of the actor towards it ( to begin, to start, to continue, to want, to decide, to intend, and others) can be used as a verb in personal form.
The compound nominal predicate in English
A compound nominal predicate consists of a linking verb to be (or verbs to become, to grow, to get, to turn ) and a nominal part indicating the quality of the subject:
We are professionals.
The noun part can be expressed by a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle, infinitive, or gerund.
Coordination of predicate and subject
The English predicate agrees with the subject in person and number:
If the subject is expressed by an indefinite pronoun, an interrogative pronoun who or what, a gerund, or an infinitive, then the verb is used in the singular.
Nobody listens to me.
Who broke my vase?
If the subject is expressed by a collective noun ( family, police, committee, etc.), then if it denotes a group as something single, the predicate is used in the singular:
Our family is very friendly.
The committee will hold two meetings today.
If you mean specific members of the group, then the predicate is used in the plural.