Full verbs are those that do not have a conjugation, that is, regardless of the verb tense or the personal pronoun in which it participates. In other words, they are those verb forms that remain unchanged in the sentence. These invariable verbs are: Full verbs with definition and examples
- Verbs in the infinitive
- Verbs in participle
- Gerund verbs
Verbs in the infinitive
The verbs in the infinitive appear in a sentence without conjugation, therefore they do not have a tense or verb mode. Its mission is to describe the action without additions. It is therefore the grammatical form that will give the verb its name and that is classified according to its ending:
- Verbs ending in -ar
- Verbs ending in -er
- Verbs ending in -ir
Within the infinitives we can find regular verbs, if they always maintain a fixed scheme in their subsequent conjugation or irregular if they suffer variables. Within a sentence, infinitives can perform different functions, since they can act as a complement to the verb, as a subject or as a modifier of an adjective, an adverb or a noun.
Verbs in participle
The participle is a full verb that indicates that an action has happened in the past, but it is so close to the present that it still influences it . As in the previous case, it has no conjugation with respect to the verb, that is, it is a non-personal form of it.
The participles can be part of compound tenses with the verb have, function as qualifying adjectives, or form the passive voice together with the verb to be. We can also find different types of participle.
Attending to its completion we can find:
- Regular participle : they always follow the same pattern when forming. Those of the first conjugation are formed by adding the ending -ado to the stem and those of the second and third with the ending -ido.
- Irregular participle : irregular participles are those that do not follow predetermined rules to form.
- Based on your temporal reference, we would find:
- Past participle : it is part of compound verbs and the passive voice. On the other hand, it can also function as an adjective.
- Present participle: always functions as a noun within a sentence.
Gerunds are whole verbs that show an action that is taking place . Because they provide information about the way it is being done, they can sometimes function as adverbs. It has neither person, nor mode, nor time, nor number, nor gender, therefore it is a non-personal form of the verb. Within the gerund we can find two types according to its termination: Full verbs with definition and examples
- First conjugation verbs : the gerund is formed by adding the ending –ando.
- Second and third conjugation verbs : in this case the ending –iendo will be used.
Examples of full verbs
Next we are going to see a series of sentences in which these full verbs have been used. We are going to mark each of them in bold so that you can easily identify them.
- Jorge was reading a very interesting book.
- He came running as soon as he found out what had happened .
- When the bell rang, Isabel was correcting her students’ exams.
- He noticed that little by little, over the years, his hair was lightening .
- When he came to find me I had already done my homework.
- The windows of the old mansion were covered with thick climbing ivy.
- I had not noticed the change that the city has undergone .
- When the visitors arrived, Ana had already returned from work.
- It is important to cook the vegetables first.
- In the novel he was able to unleash his imagination.
- I like to drive at night.
- To finish , it will be necessary for you to fill in the form with your personal data.
- You should wash the car, dust from the road can damage the paint.
- Your job is to report objectively. Full verbs with definition and examples
- Since she was little she knew that her vocation was to teach others.
- I was scared and didn’t want to say anything.
- Carmen likes to sing in the shower.
- I didn’t know you came on vacation.
- We are waiting for the bus to pass.