Psycholinguistics & Neurolinguistics

Exercises for dyslexia/adults/elementary school/syllable/phoneme

Dyslexia continues to be one of the most widely diagnosed learning disorders in the world, especially in the child-age population . This condition is characterized by affecting the brain, so that those affected have difficulties in processing both written and spoken language. Exercises for dyslexia

Children and adults who suffer from it can, through some exercises and various techniques, help lessen the effects since there is no cure.

Problems with being able to write and read properly can last a lifetime; and for this reason many recommend putting into practice various techniques that, until now, have had positive results in most of the people who practice them. Thus; In this article we will talk about this topic, we will specify the characteristics of this disorder, we will indicate which are the practices that help to counteract the symptoms and some useful tips will be indicated.

Dyslexia exercises to print

Dyslexia, for most people who are not familiar with the term, or with this condition, only know it as a type of medical condition that is a reading disability. However, it is more than that… as even some affected people may have trouble speaking or following simple directions on how to proceed in one direction. There are different ways in which this condition can manifest itself, but equally those who suffer from it will find it more difficult to embark on the path of learning a language as well as in other topics of learning. Exercises for dyslexia

Many cases are diagnostic by means of written tests, therefore some of the techniques used to treat this condition are based on the idea of ​​practicing on paper. For this reason, it is available to find on various specialized pages on the subject that include the possibility of downloading and printing a series of recommended lessons . They are simple exercises designed for people with dyslexia that can be done from the comfort of home.

Exercises to detect dyslexia

At first, the process of learning to read and write is difficult and requires concentration, but over time it becomes automatic with people who do not have dyslexia. However, people with dyslexia have trouble processing information in their brains , which prevents them from making letter-to-word associations. There is no cure for dyslexia, so implementing specific therapies and strategies can help children and adults improve their reading. Above all, the most important thing is that people discover different ways that help them learn more easily.

The most effective way to diagnose dyslexia is the application of reading comprehension lessons . After letting the child or adult do a reading, they proceed to ask a series of questions related to what was read. You can start to see if they have trouble reading from the moment you ask yourself what the topic was, if you finished reading it completely, or by indicating to briefly explain the main idea. Exercises for dyslexia

Dyslexic people have trouble reading fluently, as well as making letter-word associations. In addition, they tend to have memory problems so they do not retain information so easily. For example, they can confuse the order in which both letters and numbers appear. For this reason, this problem, not being treated properly, is transferred not only to language but also to numerical and mathematical understanding. It can be seen that their fingers count or take a long time to solve a short number operation.

A child with processing problems may have difficulty following directions. Exercises based on following explicit instructions can be helpful. Language processing problems often make it difficult to understand abstract language and complex sentence structure , so instructions should include concrete steps written in simple sentences.

Exercises for dyslexia in adults

Usually, when learning to read, people often rely on phonetic decoding strategies applied to all words , it is a process focused on the middle temporal lobe of the left hemisphere . This is how each letter is connected together to the words. This is a particularly difficult process for most dyslexic people.

Performing reading exercises specially developed for dyslexics, help to train both the eyes and the brain . They are designed to develop the visual recognition system that people naturally acquire. For this reason, it is usually indicated that the use of phonemes defeats the purpose of the exercises. The problem with adding phonemes is that it prevents the brain from learning to recognize letters and match them almost instantly to a known word. For this reason, dyslexic children who learn to read through reading techniques that encourage the practice of phonics later have difficulty reading fluently. Exercises for dyslexia

The most effective exercises for dyslexia are those that apply strategies to train the brain to visually recognize letters from left to right and retain this information while maintaining the correct sequence. It seeks to create a mental connection that links the way a word sounds with what it means as well as how it looks.

People with dyslexia benefit from reading exercises, which in turn are combined with techniques that have a multi-sensory approach. There are other ways in which you can learn visually, so don’t forget to use your hearing and touch. Phonetics is the ability to divide words into sounds, each sound is associated with specific letters or combinations of them. Thus; oral reading helps to retain information, encourages the development of vocabulary which results in a clear improvement in reading comprehension.

There are exercises that are focused on dealing directly with the eye muscles that can be very beneficial for dyslexic people. Some have difficulty following text due to an ocular impairment . Therefore, applying certain methods in relation to the speed at which you read provides benefits when reading, making you feel more comfortable in the long term. It can be exhausting at times, some exercises are quick, but easy for anyone to do.

Dyslexia exercises for elementary school

During the primary period it is essential to pay special attention to children who are having difficulty learning. Therefore, performing some of the exercises shown below is very useful as well as helping those who have already been diagnosed. Putting these exercises into practice is very simple and each one of them presents a series of instruction of low to medium complexity , they are suitable for children of any age. These exercises are proven to help improve reading and learning skills:

1. PRACTICE SYLLABLES AND PHONEMES

This type of exercise is very useful when you are learning to identify how many syllables there are in a word or phrase. You have to pay close attention just as you need to stay focused. The child must indicate how many syllables a word has , the instructions include that each syllable must be repeated while counting numbers as well. Exercises for dyslexia

It is important to listen, repeat and learn the correct way to do this exercise . The next thing to do is put phoneme segmentation into practice. To help the student, it can be read in voice so that they can identify how many sounds there are in a syllable or in a word.

2. FIND AND IDENTIFY SYLLABLES Exercises for dyslexia

Identifying the syllables of a word can be very easy, but for dyslexic people it is a total challenge. This exercise consists of deliberately omitting a syllable from a word . The child must identify the missing syllable, so you have to be patient and encourage them to stay focused.

3. SUBSTITUTION OF SYLLABLES

Exercises for dyslexics should promote articulation and phonology. Substituting syllables is easy, the student is instructed to replace a given syllable of any word with another. In this way you must learn to recognize which words are correct and which ones have been changed. Another alternative is to identify which syllable is repeated in two or more words that are different. In this way he also learns to memorize words that have similarities by making associations. Exercises for dyslexia

It is very important to understand that the best way to treat dyslexia is undoubtedly the early detection of the condition since in this way it is possible to treat the symptoms in a more effective way. In addition, other problems that will be more difficult to treat in the long term can be avoided. Some children tend to have problems passing their courses due to this condition and also by not learning at the same rate as their peers, they can end up in a psychological and even social problem for it.

Affected individuals may require special education to accommodate this condition. Children who have dyslexia must understand that their condition will not prevent them from following the path they choose and that by performing various exercises and techniques indicated for dyslexia they will see positive results.

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