It is a theatrical literary form or dramatic genre of solemn language in which the main characters are illustrious and are confronted in a mysterious, inevitable, and invincible way because of a fatal error or condition of their character against a fatal destiny that causes a conflict whose The end is inevitably sad, being the destruction of the protagonist through his death or madness. Differences between tragedy and comedy
The word tragedy comes from the Greek term tragoedia or “song of the goat” that alludes to the song that the Athenians sang in the processions in honor of the god Dionysus in their Dionysian festivals.
It is defined as a dramatic work of terrible history and a disastrous ending in which heroes or illustrious characters take part. Use solemn language to convey the story.
It comes from the Latin «comoedĭa-ae» and this in turn from the Greek word «kōmōidía» is a genre totally opposite to the tragedy normally associated with stories with a happy ending. It is a pleasant and optimistic reading that had its origin in the fertility cults in honor of the god Dionysus.
It was in ancient Greece where it acquired its greatest splendor, then it went to Rome and from there it spread to the Middle Ages where it acquired a very light and elemental tone, becoming a burlesque tone and dividing into several subgenres. Differences between tragedy and comedy
In the scene it is about the imitation of inferior men but not in vice but in a laughable way where laughable defects are highlighted.
The Greek author Aristophanes is considered to be one of the first authors of the genre. He developed about 11 works where dialogue and singing alternated.
- -Exposes real-life events capable of producing terror.
- -Their conflicts dominate the protagonists who in the end succumb to this destiny
- -The characters were extraordinary people, heroes, gods capable of sacrificing everything for an ideal.
- -The space where the work takes place is usually the temples, agoras
- -The tragedies, especially the classic ones, generated a catharsis in the viewer.
- -The language used in the tragedy was solemn, majestic, and elevated
- -Its endings were terrible ending in death or destruction of the characters.
- -Exposes real-life events but where no one escapes a mockery making the public laugh. It has a happy ending.
- -The main character of the comedy determines the dramatic action.
- – The characters are archetypes of a more popular social class. Differences between tragedy and comedy
- -The spaces where the work takes place are everyday places such as inns, taverns, and markets.
- -In comedy, it is intended to correct vices and defects through laughter