Difference between tragedy and comedy


It is a theatrical literary form or dramatic genre of solemn language in which the main characters are illustrious and are confronted in a mysterious, inevitable, and invincible way because of a fatal error or condition of their character against a fatal destiny that causes a conflict whose The end is inevitably sad, being the destruction of the protagonist through his death or madness. Differences between tragedy and comedy

The word tragedy comes from the Greek term tragoedia or “song of the goat” that alludes to the song that the Athenians sang in the processions in honor of the god Dionysus in their Dionysian festivals.

It is defined as a dramatic work of terrible history and a disastrous ending in which heroes or illustrious characters take part. Use solemn language to convey the story.


It comes from the Latin «comoedĭa-ae» and this in turn from the Greek word «kōmōidía» is a genre totally opposite to the tragedy normally associated with stories with a happy ending. It is a pleasant and optimistic reading that had its origin in the fertility cults in honor of the god Dionysus.

It was in ancient Greece where it acquired its greatest splendor, then it went to Rome and from there it spread to the Middle Ages where it acquired a very light and elemental tone, becoming a burlesque tone and dividing into several subgenres. Differences between tragedy and comedy

In the scene it is about the imitation of inferior men but not in vice but in a laughable way where laughable defects are highlighted.

The Greek author Aristophanes is considered to be one of the first authors of the genre. He developed about 11 works where dialogue and singing alternated.

What is the main difference between Shakespeare’s comedies and tragedies?

The main difference between Shakespeare’s comedy and tragedy is that Shakespeare’s comedies end in marriage or reunion, while Shakespeare’s tragedies usually end in the tragic hero’s death.

How does Aristotle differentiate between tragedy and comedy?

Aristotle discovered that tragedy deals with serious, important, and virtuous people. Comedy, on the other hand, is about less virtuous people and focuses on human “weaknesses and weaknesses.”

What is the difference between a comedy and a tragedy??

Difference between comedy and tragedy? basically the only difference is the ending. a comedy will have a happy ending, i.e. marriage, while a tragedy will have a sad ending, usually with the death of the main character. anyone can have funny or sad parts, but the ending is what makes it a comedy or a tragedy.

What are the four types of tragedy?

What are the four types of tragedy?

  • domestic tragedy.
  • Tragicomedy.
  • Units.
  • Seneca tragedy.
  • Hamartia.
  • Revenge tragedy.
  • Catharsis.
  • Heroic game.

What are the six elements of tragedy?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and songwriting.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

What are the 5 elements of a Shakespearean tragedy?

Elements of Shakespeare’s Tragedies

  • A tragic hero.
  • A dichotomy of good and evil.
  • A tragic waste.
  • Hamartia (The Tragic Flaw of the Hero)
  • Matters of fate or fortune.
  • Ambition.
  • Infamous revenge.
  • supernatural elements.

What is a sad play called?

Tragicomedy is a literary genre that mixes aspects of tragic and comic forms. Seen most often in dramatic literature, the term can describe a tragic play that contains enough comic elements to lighten the overall mood, or a serious play with a happy ending.

What is Shakespeare’s longest play?

The longest play is Hamlet, which is the only play by Shakespeare over thirty thousand words, and the shortest is The Comedy of Errors, which is the only play under fifteen thousand words.

What are the elements of tragedy and comedy?

They are: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Song and Show. The plot is the most important part of a tragedy. The plot means ‘the organization of incidents’. Typically, the plot is divided into five acts, and each act is divided into several scenes.

What came first, comedy or tragedy?

Tragedies are first heard, as plays, at Dionysian celebrations in Athens at the turn of the 5th century BC, and comedies appear as a contrasting type of play a century later.

What is Aristotle’s tragedy?

“Tragedy,” says Aristotle, “is an imitation [mimēsis] of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude … through pity and fear effecting the proper purification [catharsis] of these emotions.” Ambiguous means can be employed, argues Aristotle, in contrast to Plato, to a virtuous and purifying end.

 Key between tragedy and comedy


  1. -Exposes real-life events capable of producing terror.
  2.  -Their conflicts dominate the protagonists  who in the end succumb to this destiny
  3. -The characters were extraordinary people,  heroes, gods capable of sacrificing everything for an ideal.
  4. -The space where the work takes place is  usually the temples, agoras
  5. -The tragedies, especially the classic ones, generated a catharsis in the viewer.
  6. -The language used in the tragedy was  solemn, majestic, and elevated
  7. -Its endings were terrible ending in death or destruction of the characters.


  1. -Exposes real-life events but where no one escapes a mockery making the public laugh. It has a happy ending.
  2. -The main character of the comedy determines the dramatic action.
  3. – The characters are archetypes of a more popular social class. Differences between tragedy and comedy
  4. -The spaces where the work takes place are everyday places such as inns, taverns, and markets.
  5. -In comedy, it is intended to correct  vices and defects through laughter

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