All knowledge, science, theoretical and practical disciplines need a general structure and a series of specific branches. This establishes a detailed classification of each field. And to carry out this classification it is necessary to group the particular cases within a typology. Thus, the idea of typology is a different form of organization than what is in common. Let’s look at a concrete idea as an example: a group of young people is chosen to practice a sport according to their morphology or physical typology. This ranking criterion has a weighting ratio: each athlete‘s individual characteristics fit one sport better than another.
A reflection on the idea of typology
The thought Abstract has a specific feature: the individual explains and understands as part of a whole, ie, of a more general type. When we study triangles as a whole, we can group them into different subdivisions (equilaterals, isosceles, scalene and rectangles). In other words, each triangle can be understood as an example of one typology or another. Any scientific planning incorporates in its general structure the concept of typology.
When we think of the word type, there is another one with the same meaning and class. There is a rational need to bring order to many individual cases, as each case is part of a class. This need was incorporated by the first scientists of antiquity (for example, Aristotle made the first classification of living things). Any classification starts from observation and later joins what is studied taking into account the similarities of each individual element or species.
Let’s think about Ophthalmology
A few years ago, ophthalmologists worked with any eye disease, but the advancement of this discipline meant that these professionals had to specialize in a specific typology for eye diseases (refractive, specific corneal or retinal). This example is a general and illustrative idea: the typology concept depends on the theoretical progress of each discipline.