The three fundamental questions
General aspects of a research project
The first step is to define the issue to be addressed. Normally, every research project brings the solution to a problem and, therefore, is about defining, delimiting, approaching or formulating an initial problem.
A work or research project is approached as an original study on a subject that presents some difficulty.
In any research project it is necessary to establish what kind of study should be carried out (there are descriptive, experimental, case studies, etc.).
For a survey to be valid it is necessary to determine a study sample (for example, the specific population of a territory). On the other hand, a presentation technique (for example, of a probabilistic type) must be introduced .
Regarding technical aspects, it is necessary to use variable measurement scales, which can be qualitative or quantitative. On the other hand, a plan for data analysis, evaluation reports, bibliographical references in accordance with established guidelines, material resources, etc., must be established.
Stages of a research project
In general, the following steps can be established:
2) research planning ;
3) documentation and field analysis;
4) analysis and interpretation of data ;
6) final presentation of the project.