As in law or science, there is a discipline that also deals with reflection on the idea of education . This discipline is the philosophy of education. In general, it reflects on the purposes of education.
The problem of the ends of education
The pedagogue is focused on formative teaching issues and, for this, he addresses what the correct methodology should be in the various educational stages. A teacher of any subject teaches his students through pedagogical arguments. The philosopher of education, on the other hand, reflects on the fundamental concepts and problems related to education, as well as the objectives that should guide teaching, the role of education in society as a whole and on who should take responsibility for education, etc. Philosophy of Education
Various Philosophical Approaches to Education
Some philosophers argue that education should be based on the individual’s freedom and spontaneity , therefore, it is not necessary to force the learning of a series of knowledge. This vision is inspired by a particular ideal of freedom.
According to other versions, it is necessary to guide the educational process of individuals so that they can assimilate the cultural tradition of their community. This vision is based on the state’s responsibility to individuals.
For centuries, philosophical reflection on education was centered on the formation of children and young people. However, in recent decades we can add adults, for this reason, the term permanent education was created.
The relationship between philosophy and education
Philosophy is love of wisdom. Education is the process by which we learn a series of skills and abilities in our lives. From these two definitions, we can ask two fundamental questions: What kind of formation leads to true authentic knowledge? How should we educate? The answers to these questions are the essence of the philosophy of education.
Philosophy in Education
Some educational grids have subjects related to philosophy, such as ethics, history of philosophy, among others. On the one hand, it is one more subject, with tests, professors and programs. However, it is a special subject, as its main foundation is not knowing a specific content or a skill (such as geography, history or the arts), but rather formulating questions to take the first step towards true knowledge.