From a historical point of view, it becomes necessary to organize time chronologically. In this sense, the order dealt with by the scientific community is as follows: Prehistory, Ancient Age, Middle Age, Modern Age and Contemporary Age. Prehistory is the most extensive period of mankind, since its duration spans two million years (from the origin of the first humans to the appearance of writing). Late Antiquity
The term Late Antiquity serves historians to divide time into two major periods: Classical Antiquity and Late Antiquity. The latter includes the period from the 3rd century to the 8th century d. Ç.
In other words, from the decline of Roman civilization to the expansion of the Arabs into Europe and North Africa, or even the beginning of the empire of Charlemagne
On the other hand, this chronological reference is opposed to the traditional view according to which the Middle Ages started from the fall of the Roman Empire in the year 476 d. Ç. Late Antiquity
By dividing antiquity into two major periods, we can better explain the later rise of the Middle Ages. Thus, the leap between Antiquity and the Middle Ages makes more sense if we consider the events that marked Late Antiquity.
Major Events During Late Antiquity
During this period of five centuries, some events stood out more:
1) The classical order promoted by the Greeks and Romans gradually weakened;
2) Christianity was consolidated in Europe as a hegemonic religion that gradually replaced polytheism and paganism;
3) From the 6th century onwards, Islam began to develop as a new monotheistic religion.
These three great axes determined new ideas that affected society as a whole . Late Antiquity
What criteria was used to divide historical time into large periods?
The division into periods is a way of ordering and understanding the changes in universal history. This order is established based on a general criterion: a period is determined and another begins when a historical episode is so important that it implies a new paradigm for humanity.
The emergence of writing determined the beginning of the Ancient Age, The Discovery of America represented the beginning of the Modern Age and the Contemporary Age began in 1789, the year in which the French Revolution occurred .