It is one of the books that make up the Old Testament and receives this name because it refers to the ritual obligations of those who were consecrated to divine worship and who belonged to the tribe of Levi, one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Leviticus
In Jewish religion Leviticus is the third book of the Pentateuch and its author is Moses. Among the Hebrews it is known as Wa-yiqra. In the conventional Christian Bible or Vulgate it was known as Liber Leviticus, which means “the book of the Levites”.
A legislative book of the Judeo-Christian tradition
The book presents itself as a holiness manual for the people of Israel, the people chosen by God. In the same three different proposals are exposed: laws to maintain purity and spiritual sanctity, rituals and ceremonies that must be applied by priests and personal sacrifices.
It is a book primarily intended for the priestly tradition. It must be borne in mind that the worship of the Jews is a consequence of God’s direct command to Moses on Mount Sinai.
The sacrifices proposed in Leviticus have a general meaning
Thus, when a man renounces something valuable in order to consecrate it to God, his offering becomes a union link with God. The rituals of sacrifices are, at the same time, a way of thanking the Creator.
This practical manual of religious ceremonies has a dual purpose: to bring the people of Israel closer to God and to promote a lifestyle based on holiness.
Through Leviticus, the people of Israel can have a place of worship to God, the tabernacle . At the same time, it establishes a starting point for organizing sacrifices and festivities within a religious framework . It should be noted that before Leviticus, the Israelites were guided by the historical records of the patriarchs.
The value of the book for theological interpretation
There are three spiritual truths closely associated with Leviticus. First, God’s instructions are collected to be carried out during the Day of Atonement (this chapter details the ritual that the priest must apply to atone for his sins).
Second, a series of sacrifices, which symbolize the worship of God, are neatly detailed.
Finally, it is noted that it conveys a message of holiness and obedience .