Through language, we establish more or less effective communication. Not all forms of communication are the same, in fact, there are several strategies we use: we affirm or deny, we opine with or without evidence, criticize, denounce, exclaim, flatter and offend. Interpellation is a very specific way of communicating with others.
What does it consist of?
The verb to interpellate is equivalent to others, such as to demand, request or ask. For this reason, an interpellation is simply a question that is asked of someone. In other words, a person is questioned when asked about something by another.
A term that is not used in everyday life, but that is part of political terminology in the field of parliamentarism.
In democratic countries, government and opposition members debate their different approaches and proposals. In this context, the main responsible are questioned, that is, they are asked about in order to provide explanations. In this way, parliamentarians exercise some control over the government.
As a general rule, this way of asking questions is not done spontaneously, but is subject to certain regulations. Normally every question is presented to the representatives of the chamber to decide if the question or question can be accepted within the agenda. Whoever asks is the questioner and whoever is asked is the one who is questioned. For the questions to be considered valid and relevant, they must be submitted in writing and in advance.
In summary, the interpellation mechanism has the following procedure:
1) a certain number of representatives file a petition,
2) the petition is admitted if it has a sufficient number of votes in favour,
3) if the interpellation is approved, the date for requesting the order must be specified,
4) finally, the respondent asks a member of the government his question for him to answer.
After this process , a series of questions and answers are opened in the context of the parliamentary debate .
An essential mechanism of democracy
Interpellation should not be understood as a simple formality of parliamentarism. In fact, it is a fundamental action, because through it whoever is asked has the obligation to respond.
Basically, it is a mechanism that guarantees the pertinent explanations by the rulers.