Between 1915 and 1923, the rulers of the Ottoman Empire gave the order to execute 1,500,000 Armenians. This episode is considered the first genocide of the 20th century. The Armenian people were under Ottoman rule, but maintained their own cultural identity. Armenian Genocide
While Ottoman Turks practiced the Muslim religion, Armenians were Christians and had a history and language of their own.
Historical context of the killing
In the Ottoman Turk-controlled territory of Armenia, Armenians did not have the same rights as Turks and were somehow treated as second-class citizens. In this sense, they had to pay more taxes, could not have access to public office and were victims of xenophobia . Armenian Genocide
In the beginning of the 20th century, a group called “Young Turks” staged a coup d’ état against the sultan of the Ottoman Empire and implemented a nationalist regime that gave citizen rights to the population of Turkish origin and Muslim religion.
Those who were not part of this category were considered enemies of the motherland .
The Armenians became the main target of the Turkish authorities and for this reason they decided to launch a mass extermination campaign.
In April 1915, they ordered the arrest and murder of more than 250 Armenian intellectuals and leaders. Thus began a period of atrocities that lasted eight years. In accordance with most historians, one and a half million Armenians were murdered. Armenian Genocide
In 1915, the new Turkish government allied with Germany in World War I. In this context, the Armenians were accused of traitors, as they were considered allies of the Russians.
After 100 years of genocide, the Turkish state has taken no responsibility
The European Parliament has produced several reports on the massacre of the Armenians. With this, it was intended that the rulers of Turkey would recognize the tragedy suffered by the Armenians a hundred years ago. However, no Turkish government acknowledged the existence of the genocide.
Pope Francis, the United Nations and some national parliaments have also spoken out about this tragedy.
Turkish authorities accept that there have been atrocities in the past, but they do not consider it to be a systematically organized extermination. In this sense, they claim that these events should be interpreted as a tragic episode in the context of the First World War. Armenian Genocide