We understand communication (from the Latin communicatio ) as the conscious activity by which an exchange of information is carried out between two or more participants in order to transmit meaningful messages through shared communication systems, whether they are semantic norms or signs. Sender and receiver in communication examples
In this sense, communication today can take place in a biosemiotic way, that is, between living beings, through language between human beings, or through cybernetics, that is, with means of communication enabled for this purpose.
For communication as such to take place, a series of factors must come together, which are: sender, receiver, channel, code, message and situation or context . In this other lesson we will discover what the elements of communication are .
What is the issuer?
Let us now know what the sender and the receiver are in communication, and we begin with the first.
The sender is the person, living being or device that emits a message , that is, it constitutes a source and is the origin of what is intended to be communicated.
The sender sends a message through a channel to a receiver . Strictly speaking, it is a source capable of generating the aforementioned messages that are reproduced through a channel in space and time. In the same way that the sender is the source, he can also become a receiver, when he becomes a passive figure that receives other messages, that is, while listening.
Different forms of emitters can be distinguished, such as physical, that is, human beings, living beings or devices with the ability to communicate.
What is the receiver?
For its part, the receiver is the one who receives the information issued by the issuer . Thus, it becomes the agent that decrypts the message based on the code used, being in charge of decoding it. Sender and receiver in communication examples
In this case, the receiver is in charge of decoding the message, deciphering and interpreting the received signs, making communication feasible. Also here we may be referring to human beings, living beings or devices with the ability to decode messages and even interpret and respond.
Other elements of communication
In the communicative act we cannot forget other basic elements, such as:
- The channel : physical medium through which a message is transmitted. nowadays it can be the human voice itself or the animal sound, but also a telephone, internet, a reading, etc.
- The code : is the system of signs or signals that is used to transmit a message, such as a language, Morse code, traffic signs, the braille system, animal sounds, binary code, etc.
- The message : this is the content of the broadcast. That is, what the sender transmits to the receiver.
- The situation or the context : it is the extralinguistic environment where the communicative act itself takes place.
In the latter case, we distinguish between situational contexts , which can refer to political, historical situations, etc., and thematic contexts , also called referents, which are constituted by the theme, subject or matter discussed.
Examples of communication, sender and receiver
Let’s now look at some communication examples, to learn to identify the sender and the receiver :
Juan has been talking to Paco this afternoon at his house.
We observe that the sender is Juan , while Paco is the receiver . We don’t know exactly what the message is, but we do know that the code is the English language, the channel is air and the context is Paco’s house in the afternoon. Sender and receiver in communication examples
Maria heard a statement from Juana last night through her computer in her bedroom.