For many, going through a selection process is not an easy reality — shyness can hurt a lot, especially if the interview is together. Therefore, it is necessary to know what types of recruitment exist to be able to apply in your company.
The importance of the job interview
The job interview is of paramount importance within a recruitment and selection process. After all, it is possible to get to know each candidate who applied for the vacancy better and closely.
This is a conversation in which the professional will have the chance to show the interviewer the relevant points of his resume. In addition to being able to better describe their strengths and characteristics. Therefore, it is important that she is frank, without hiding any information. That’s because many resumes, unfortunately, contain false data — which is not cool. Job interview types
The purpose of the job interview is to obtain from the candidate additional information that was not described in the resume. In addition, it also serves to test knowledge of professionals. All this aimed at obtaining the necessary data about the person’s professional life to know if he really is the right candidate.
The interview models
Contrary to what many people know, there are several ways to conduct a job interview. Structuring and preparing one may not be an easy task. Therefore, it is important to know all the models, because the ideal type can vary a lot. This will depend on the company and the interviewer’s profile. Discover the three most used versions.
Every recruiter gets tense when conducting a job interview. After all, there is always that insecurity of “will I choose the right candidate?” or even the fear of forgetting the questions that should be asked during the process.
The structured interview model is represented by a script of questions that are previously established. But some questions that stand out should be asked of the candidate, such as: Job interview types
- what are your main weaknesses and strengths?
- what is your biggest hobby?
- What are your short term goals?
- why did you choose this career?
Semi structured interview
The semi-structured interview model is one of the most used by HR professionals. This is because it allows the selection process to be directed with focus, but also with flexibility.
It is characterized by a set of previously established questions. However, unlike the structured one, the interviewer usually includes a question or a set of questions that were not planned. So, according to the conversation in the interview, it may be necessary to add other types of questions.
The unstructured interview model is the complete opposite of the previous two. After all, the HR professional has full autonomy to ask the questions that he/she finds most correct according to the situation, that is, it is much more flexible!
Therefore, in this model, it is recommended that the recruiter establish some points of interest to be addressed, for example:
- technical experience;
- leadership experience ;
- academic education;
- personal interests.
The interviewer, throughout a job interview, needs to delve into each of these points.
The 12 different types of interviews to apply
For sure, the job interview is one of the scariest steps for a candidate — or at least for most of them. After all, they are unaware of the methods that will be applied so that only one is selected. Job interview types
There are different types of job interviews . In this guide, you will meet 13 of them. Follow up!
1. Behavioral interview
This is one of the most used job interview templates lately. The behavioral interview aims to verify if the candidate’s personality and skills are compatible with the company’s organizational culture . In addition, it is possible to analyze the professional experiences that the person had and find out how they would react in work situations that demand challenges. Also, it can be conducted by someone from HR or the area manager.
2. Technical interview
The technical interview aims to analyze whether the candidate has sufficient technical knowledge to occupy the position. In this specific case, it can be done by an HR person or by an employee with a higher level than the candidate. Still, it is common that in this model the professional takes a practical test.
3. Interview with a case study
The case study interview aims to assess the candidate’s ability to solve problems. Therefore, in this model, a real or fictitious case can be studied. But it must be something that is present in the company’s routine, for example, an oral or written test.
4. Mock interview
The mock interview takes place before the final one — it’s like a preview. It serves for the candidate to introduce himself and spread his profile, leaving a good impression of himself. It’s a good time for HR to give the candidate feedback, informing the qualities and which points he needs to develop. Thus, he manages to prepare for the official interview. Job interview types
5. Press conference
The press conference analyzes several candidates at the same time. It is usually the most feared by most, especially by those who are too shy. This is a very common model and is widely used by large companies or organizations where there are many candidates for a vacancy.
6. Panel interview
This interview template looks at a candidate from multiple perspectives. During his driving, several recruiters enter the room and ask questions related to the tasks and the daily life of the position. In this case, it is conducted by several evaluators, but only one candidate.
7. Online or remote interview
In this moment of digital transformation that the country is going through, this will be the most used type of interview. After all, carrying out the job interview process remotely is more practical and speeds up the entire selection. It is still an excellent alternative for cost reduction.
This type of interview is conducted via Skype or another online recruitment platform , where HR and candidate can communicate via video call. In this process, the person responsible for the selection asks the questions remotely and can even apply a practical test. Job interview types
8. Staged interview
9. Challenge interview
The purpose of this type of interview is to involve people in playful situations so that they can achieve specific results. Therefore, it has the motivational objective, integration, to meet goals and also to hire professionals.
The idea is to create situations where the candidate has to use their logical reasoning, what they have learned from past experiences and other skills and competences. In addition, it is an interview that requires a lot of planning.
10. Stress interview
Typically, the stress interview is not used much by HRs. However, it serves to assess how the candidate behaves in stressful situations — it can be asking the professional fast-paced questions, for example.
11. Exit interview
The exit interview is used to talk to employees who have been terminated from the company. The objective is to understand the reasons that led to this departure, providing the organization with the opportunity to reassess its processes. Job interview types
12. Field interview
It is a type of interview that takes place when recruiters travel to universities to interview students who excel in their field. A modality still little explored in Brazil.
The roadmap for planning the interview
Many HR professionals wonder, especially early in their careers, how to do a job interview . The script is a guide that can help you get to the right candidate information. Through it, it is possible for HR to know the person’s personal and professional experiences. To create a good script you need:
- ask general questions and focus on the interviewee’s past;
- motivate the candidate to speak 70% to 80% of the time;
- maintain eye contact, but make the candidate comfortable;
- don’t ask compromising questions.
How to choose the best type of interview?
Whatever type of interview you will use in your company, know that this is the most important step in a selection process. After all, this is the moment when you will, in fact, get to know the professional and test him/her, according to the needs and objective of the intended position.
If it’s something that can be a more informal conversation, when the interview questions are asked on the spot, then the unstructured option is the best choice. But remember that you need to focus on topics, such as professional techniques, previous experiences, etc.
However, if the manager or HR needs a script to conduct the interview, the structured or semi-structured can be used. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze and plan an interview to know which model to use.
What are the advantages of applying for a job interview?
There are several benefits of applying the job interview in your company’s selection processes. Check out some:
- it allows to obtain rich information and, in some moments, with great depth;
- have different testimonies from people who live in different contexts, whether cultural or language;
- can identify a person’s attitude when in a group;
- a lot of information can be explored as it is a flexible process;
- allows interaction;
- information more accurately;
- It is a low cost technique.
Top questions to ask in the interview
In an interview, you need to know the right questions to get the answers you need from the candidate. In addition to the obvious questions about careers and career paths, there are others that help the recruiter. Thus, it is possible to better understand the professional who is applying for the vacancy. Job interview types
Here are the top questions to ask in an interview:
- tell me about yourself — at this stage, give the candidate the opportunity to talk more about them and the chance to do their personal marketing;
- why do you want to work in this company? — is a questioning in which the recruiter analyzes whether the professional has prepared for the interview. After all, to answer this question, he must have researched the company;
- what are your strengths? — time for him to talk about his strengths, which most mark his personality;
- what are your main weaknesses? — a chance for him to say something that needs to be worked on;
- how do you see yourself in five years? — chance for him to say what his short-term plans are;
- cite a challenging situation you had to face — to get to know the candidate better and to know how he behaves when it is necessary to take the initiative and show his skills;
- why do you consider quitting your current job for this vacancy? — show what his intentions are, whether it is professional growth and what he aspires to in his career;
- what is your salary expectation? — see how he will position himself at that moment and how much he values his time;
- ask if they have any questions — this is an opportunity for the candidate to clarify something that was not understood during the interview.
To do well in a job interview, it is important to prepare. There are many details and information that the recruiter needs to know. Therefore, it is not possible to improvise or leave everything to the last minute.
Especially if you are one of those shy professionals. It’s important to have emotional intelligence in interviews so you don’t send the wrong message about yourself. When you don’t act calmly and give your answers clearly, it’s possible that the interviewer will misunderstand what you mean. So keep calm and get ready!
For this, this preparation should not be on the eve of the job interview. In fact, it starts with the delivery of your resume . After all, he is what will guide your conversation with the interviewer. Therefore, also present your results on your resume and not just your knowledge. Explain, in a few words, but in an objective way, each of the points you put in it. Job interview types
Also, make sure you really know yourself. Find out what your relevant points are, why you are an influential person and how to tell your story in an attractive way. Still, it is important to tell your trajectory with clarity of facts, but being objective, that is, “without filling sausage”.
Finally, train for online tests, your analytical skills, intelligence, logical reasoning, writing and your text interpretation. These are points that must be constantly trained. To do so, practice, online, with tests and other questions. Also, study the basic questions they often ask in an interview.
How to do well in a job interview with 10 tips
Today, companies are looking for candidates who adapt to the organizational culture. It’s the famous cultural fit . So, to do well in a job interview, you need to study the organization you want to join. For that, here are some important tips:
1. Think about challenges in advance
It is likely that you will perform some test or need to go through some challenging situation to show that you are really fit for the intended position. So think about what these possible challenges will be and get ready!
2. Present situations that show your skills
When being interviewed, try to praise your skills and show that you really have them. Whether speaking or in practice tests. Job interview types
3. End your lines with something impactful
Ending your lines with a “yeah”, “yes” or “I don’t know” is not a positive thing. So get ready to show that you are the ideal candidate. When asked, for example, what your strengths are, say: “I am organized, because I believe that a well-organized environment helps ideas flow naturally” or, “I am organized, because I believe that the best ideas emerge in environments that are tidy”.
4. Demonstrate logical reasoning
Not only in exact tests or tests that need your logic, but also demonstrate in a conversation, that is, in the interview, that your reasoning is quick and logical .
5. Avoid moments of paralysis
Interact with the recruiter, don’t let the conversation just stop. Of course, you shouldn’t start talking nonsense, but show that you know how to maintain a good interview, with pleasant answers and that don’t let the dreaded moments of paralysis happen.
6. Prepare your own questions
More than knowing about salary issues or working hours, show interest in the company you want to work for. Ask about career programs within the organization, for example.
7. Be careful with social media
Today, it is very common for companies to look at candidate profiles on their social networks. Especially from LinkedIn. So pay attention to what you post or comment. Yes, the social network is yours, but your stance on it can greatly interfere with a selection process. So beware! Job interview types
8. Don’t lie
This is something that unfortunately happens a lot. It may not seem like it, but it is more common than many people realize. So when being selected for a job interview, be honest! Talk about your experiences, without fantasizing about a position you didn’t have.
Also, show what your strengths are and don’t invent one just to stand out in the interview. Also, don’t be shy about being honest about your weaknesses either. The truth gives you a lot of points when it comes to a job selection.
9. Be yourself
There’s nothing worse than a candidate wanting to show he’s someone he’s not. So be you! Don’t be ashamed of your culture, color, roots or traditions. All this is what you are! The recruiter needs to know you to know if you are the desired profile to fill the vacancy.
It’s no use wanting to be someone in the interview who won’t be on a daily basis. Living together shows who we really are. So make this very explicit from the beginning!
10. Take care of the presentation in case of interview video
Social isolation caused several interviews to be carried out by video call, that is, many companies adopted the online selection. So, if you are selected for this type of job interview, beware of:
- internet: you must have good connectivity;
- visual: dress as if you were going to a face-to-face interview;
- place: even if it’s at home, take care to choose a place where you won’t be interrupted and where it’s quiet;
- personal marketing: show your skills, abilities and do your marketing right. Job interview types