Language and Linguistics

Differences between biography and autobiography


The biography is a writing that addresses the life of a historical or popular personality of interest to the reader, providing details regarding the conditions of birth and death, successes and failures, as well as other pertinent information. Differences between biography and autobiography

Biographies are made by a researcher or specialist in the field , and not by the same personality (as in the autobiography ). This specialist is known as a biographer and the personality as a biographer .

The characteristics are diverse since they depend on the interest and focus of the biographer regarding the life and importance of the biographer, but they usually have in common that they are more or less circumscribed to the events of his life, providing the historical keys that are considered necessary for understand its relevance to public opinion.


The autobiography is a story of a life or part of it, told by the person who lived it and from their own perspective. It shows events that you consider important or fundamental in your life , be it from your childhood , adolescence or adulthood .

Autobiography is considered a literary genre , often located on the border between history and literature , since it narrates real events but does so from a subjective, authorial approach. It is also related to the biography , the chronicle , the private diary, and other confessional genres of writing .

At present there is an important reading market for autobiography , especially that of public personalities, celebrities or famous people in history. In their vital accounts they usually look for some kind of teaching, world view or intimate revelation. Differences between biography and autobiography

Differences between biography and autobiography

  1. A biography is a detailed account of a person’s life written by another person, while an autobiography is written by the subject himself.
  2. Biography can be written with (authorized) or without (unauthorized) permission of the corresponding person/heir. Therefore, there are chances of factual errors in the information. On the other hand, autobiographies are self-written and therefore do not require any authorization.
  3. Biographies contain information that is collected over a period of time from different sources and therefore projects a different perspective for readers. On the other hand, autobiographies are written by the subject himself, therefore the writer presents the facts and his thinking in his own way, thus providing a narrow and biased overview to the readers.
  4. In an Autobiography, the author uses the first narrative as me, me, us, him, her, etc. This, in turn, establishes an intimate connection between the author and the reader, as the reader experiences various aspects as if he or she were. in that period of time. In contrast, a biography is from the perspective of a third person and is much less intimate.
  5. The purpose of writing a biography is to introduce and inform readers about the person and his life, while an autobiography is written to express the life experiences and accomplishments of the narrator.
Basis for comparison Biography Autobiography
Sense Biography refers to an account that tells the story of someone else’s life. Autobiography means an account that tells your life story.
Authorization It can be written, with or without the authorization of the subject. Not required
Written in Third person First person
Purpose To inform Express and inform.
panorama Based on facts collected by the author. Full of emotions and thoughts.

Differences between biography and autobiography

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