Classification of languages
There are many languages in the world, some are older than others. Others have a common root, others have a written system, others are only oral. In order to classify all the languages that exist in the world, a series of criteria is followed that we are going to show below. Thus we can establish a series of criteria: Classification of languages in English
- According to its geographical origin
- According to its structure
- According to the communication channel
- According to its diffusion
- According to the way in which it is born
1-Classification of languages by their geographical origin
This classification of languages has to do with the geographical origins of the language. That is, in which parts of the world have different languages developed and created. According to this classification we find:
- Semitic languages: languages that with characteristics of the area of Africa and Asia.
- Indo-European : are those languages with origin in Europe. They are based on symbols of this region.
2-By the structure
Structure is also important when classifying the language. Thus, we can find different classifications according to this:
- Binders : words that are adjacent are used. They depend on the context in which they are given in order to know the meaning of it.
- Flexives : these languages are those made up of words with a common root. This results in families of words that have a similar meaning to each other. In this way, the communication process between the speakers is facilitated.
- Monosyllables : are those languages that are made up of words that have only one syllable. These have various meanings depending on the context in which they appear. If they are written, the meaning of the word will have to do with the position that each of the words occupies in the sentence.
3-According to the communication channel
This classification of languages has to do with the mechanisms that are used by the human being when transmitting a message. That is, the way in which this communication is carried out by the speakers of the same language. Within this section we find: Classification of languages in English
- Oral channel : the intonation of the voice is essential, through it the emotionality and state of mind of the sender is shown when transmitting the message. One of the characteristics of this channel is that the messages are transmitted spontaneously and naturally.
- Written channel: symbols are used, it is a structured channel in which the message is transmitted according to a series of grammar, spelling and syntax rules in order that it can be perfectly understood.
- Colloquial channel : it is the channel used in a more relaxed way, that is, it is spoken between family friends … The vocabulary is smaller than in the rest of the channels used when expressing a language.
4-Classification of languages according to diffusion
Here we can find a classification that is divided into two according to the diffusion that this language has:
- General : makes the expressions and symbols of a language understandable in different countries where the same language is shared. This means that the meaning of the words is the same for the entire community of speakers even though they are dispersed in different parts of the world. The reason is that it is understandable to everyone.
- Regional : here we can include dialects . It is therefore a form of the language that is used in a certain region. That is, in that area a series of words or expressions are used that are only understood by the people who live in the area.
5-By the way it is born
This birth of the language has to do with its origin, but also with the way in which it is used. In other words, the way in which language has been created. Here we can find: Classification of languages in English
- Natural origin: it is what a person learns from his parents and from the society in which he lives. That is, it is used to relate to the environment. It has a series of symbols and particular rules intended to be understood by all speakers. This form of language is born out of spontaneity.
- Artificial origin : the language has been created for a specific purpose. It is not an easy language to understand. Here we could talk about computer language, for example.