Syntax

What are pronouns?

What are the pronouns in English?

What are the pronouns in English?

Pronouns are words that are mainly used to replace a noun in the sentence. However, there are various types of pronouns in English ( Pronouns in Inglés ), each of which has a definite purpose in prayer. The simplest definition states that an English pronoun is a generally small word which replaces nouns ( nouns ) so that the text is less repetitive. These substitutions should be understood when reading the text.

For children who have English as their native language, learning pronouns in English occurs naturally. They often listen to them in conversations, and learn to use them in similar situations, which helps them become familiar with language. This is a good learning method for those children who speak English as a second language. Even children under two years of age are able to use personal pronouns simply to express themselves, especially when using the word “I”. This is a great achievement for the kids, as it helps them start expressing their individuality. Most importantly, by learning to use pronouns in everyday conversations, children can begin to master English verbs. to build new sentences with new meanings.

Personal pronouns in english

I  –  I

you –   you

she –  she

he –  he

it –  it (for things or animals, has no exact equivalent)

we –  we

you –  you / you

they –  they

Personal pronouns in English are the best known of all, simply because they are the most used in sentences and questions. These indicate who is speaking, and if the sentence or question refers to one person or more.

There are two types of personal pronouns according to the use they have in the sentence, and both are equally important, these are subject pronouns and object pronouns (or accusatory pronouns ). The use of personal pronouns in English will depend on what is being said, since each of the two types has its purpose. Let’s see what they are.

Subject pronouns in English

A subject pronoun, or subject pronoun, is one that replaces the subject of a sentence, either for common nouns (such as table, cup or painting), or proper names (such as Lisa, London or America). So, if a personal pronoun is used to refer to a person, thing, animal or place, and is the subject of the sentence, it is considered a subject pronoun.

Examples of subject pronouns in English:

I love studying! – I love studying!

You are my best friend – You are my best friend.

She is a doctor – She is a doctor.

He is a pilot – He is a pilot.

It is my house – (that one) It is my house

We have two dogs – We have two dogs.

You are swimming in the pool. –  You / you are / are swimming in the pool.

They are siblings – They are brothers.

Lisa is in the house . – Lisa is in the house.
She is in the house.  She is in the house.

The cup is in the dishwasher . – The cup is in the dishwasher.
It is in the dishwasher.  It’s in the dishwasher.

Object pronouns in English

me –  (me) / me

you –  (you) / you

her –  (her) /

him –  (to him)

it –  (to it)

us –  (to us) / us

you –  (you) / them

them –  (them)

Sometimes, within a sentence, the people who are named do not act as subject but are the objects of the same. The object pronouns, or object pronouns, are used to indicate who affects the action performed by the subject, and most of them are written differently than the subject pronouns in English. For example, in the sentence “Lisa throws a ball” (Lisa throws a ball), Lisa is subject, the action is throw (throw and the object affected by this action is the ball (ball. This sentence can be expressed using also pronouns object (also called accusative pronouns.) Now, let’s see what these are.

Examples of object pronouns in English:

She gave me the pencil – She gave me the pencil.

Jaime is talking to you – Jaime you ‘re talking about. –

I am sending her a new email – I am sending an email to her.

The dog is barking at him – The dog is barking at him .

This is my picture. I’ve painted it – This is my picture. I what I painted.

The doctor gave us a piece of candy – The doctor gave us a candy.

We were looking for you ! – The / Os were looking for !

Susan is helping them clean – Susan them is helping to clean.

Possessive pronouns in English

mine –  mine / mine

yours –  yours / yours

hers –  his / hers

his –  his / hers

ours –  ours

yours –  yours (yours)

theirs-  yours

Possessive pronouns are words that can be used in the sentence for various things, however, the main use of possessive pronouns in English remains, it is to express possession.

In a sentence, these pronouns can be used to replace a noun or possessive adjective in English, such as my ( my ), you ( your ), his (his, ( his ), his (her, her ), our ( our ), his ( their ), or his / your / your (your, your ). In English, each personal pronoun has its possessive, except for ” it “, whose case does not exist because it does not exist uses.

Examples of possessive pronouns in English:

The house is mine  – The house is mine .

This pencil is yours  – The pencil is yours .

Is this Paula’s bag? Yes, it is hers  – Is this Paula’s wallet? Yes, it is yours .

There are two backpacks on the table. The blue one is his  – There are two backpacks on the table. The blue is yours .

The paint is his, and the brushes are ours , we are sharing! – The painting is his, and the brushes are ours , we are sharing.

Take these presents, they are yours ! – Take / Take these gifts, they are yours / yours

Relative pronouns in English

quienThis pronoun refers to the person who is subject in the sentence.

whoThis pronoun also refers to a person, but in this case it is the person who acts as an object in the sentence.

whichIt is used to refer to animals or things.

thatIt is the most common and used of all, since it can refer to people as well as things or animals.

Relative pronouns have a fairly important use, they connect sentences. There are five relative pronouns in English , and each of these is used in a specific way. However, what everyone has in common is that the use of relative pronouns is to connect the sentences related to main sentences to add more information.

The most important thing to consider when using relative pronouns in English is to choose the correct one according to the noun that is being described in the main sentence.

Examples of relative pronouns in English:

Marla, who is a great student, is also a ballet dancer.

Marla, who is a great student, is also a ballet dancer.

Marla is whom I was talking to you about.

Mary is the person that I was talking about.

The book, which I bought yesterday, is about science.

The book, which I bought yesterday, is about science.

The bike that I gave you was green.

The bike that gave you was green.

Relative possessive pronouns in English

whose:  whose / whose

When you want to talk about possession or belonging in English and it is mainly used for people and animals, and that in more formal occasions can also be used for things.

Sara has a friend whose mom is really friendly

Sara has a friend whose mother is really friendly.

Indefinite pronouns in English

thereAll / all / all / all – refers to the totality of things or people named

another

Other / other / other / other – one or a few different people or things, or additional people or things

anySome / some / any / something – is used to refer to things when quantity does not matter

anybody / anyoneSomeone / anyone / nobody – refers to people when it doesn’t matter who this is

cualquier cosaAnything / something / nothing – it is used for things, when it doesn’t matter what is being talked about

eachEach / each / each one – is used to refer to the members of a group, but individually

everyoneAll – refers to all people

everythingEverything – refers to the totality of things

fewA few – refers to a small number of things or people

manyit’s used to refer to a large number of things or people

nobodyNobody – is used when no person is spoken of

noneNone / none – used when it means that there is no one thing or person

oneOne – refers to a single person who is not identified

someSome / something / a little – used to talk about people or things in unspecified amounts

somebody / someoneSomeone – used to refer to a person who is not known

When there is no need to refer to a specific person or thing, undefined pronouns in English are the right choice. There are many of these in English, and they can be singular or plural, sometimes this depends on the context in which they are used.

Examples of undefined pronouns in English:

All my dresses are green – All my dresses are green.

He wasn’t the person who brought the cat, it was another – He was not the person who brought the cat, it was another .

Do you have any milk left in the fridge? – Do you have any milk left in the fridge?

I haven’t talked to anyone yet – I haven’t talked to anyone yet.

Lisa did not bring anything to eat – Lisa did not bring anything to eat.

Each one of you has to bring an eraser – Each of you must bring an eraser.

Sarah Has Told everyone About Her birthday party – Sarah told them all about her birthday party.

Everything on the menu looks great!  Everything on the menu looks great.

I’ve seen just a few movies this month – I’ve seen a few movies this month.

Many of my friends play football – Many of my friends play football.

Nobody was home when she called – No one was home when she called.

I have none of my toys here – I don’t have any of my toys here.

Can I invite one more friend to the movies? – Can I invite one of my friends to the movies?

That cake looks good. Can I have some ? – That cake looks great. Can i eat some

If you don’t know the time, you ask somebody – If you don’t know the time, ask someone .

Demonstrative pronouns in English

EsteIt means ‘this / this / this’ and is used to indicate a single thing that is close to the person.

estosIt means ‘these / these’, and is used to point out several things that are close to the person.

thatIt means ‘that / that / that’, and is used to point out or talk about things that are far from the person speaking.

thoseIt means ‘those’ or ‘those’ and is used when you want to talk about various things that are far away.

As the name implies, the main use of demonstrative pronouns is to show, point or indicate things. These things can be near or far from the person, either in distance or time. They can also refer to only one thing or a group. There is a demonstrative pronoun in English for each of these cases.

Examples of demonstrative pronouns in English:

Yes, this is my book. I need it to study.
Yes, this is my book. I need it to study.

Have you ever tried these? They are my favorite dessert.
Have you tried these ? They are my favorite dessert.

Look at that painting! Is beautiful.
Look at that painting! It’s lovely

I need those colors, the ones on the table.
I need those colors, the ones on the table.

Interrogative pronouns in English

who : whoIt is used to talk about an unidentified person.

Whom : WhoIt is also used to talk about an unidentified person, but when it is not the subject of the sentence, but when it is the object of the sentence.

what : what / whichThe pronoun “what” is used to ask about things that have not been specified.

which : whichThis pronoun is used to ask about an unidentified thing or person that is within a group of things.

whose : whoseIt is also a possessive pronoun, but in this case as an interrogative pronoun, it is used to ask about something that belongs to someone.

The use of interrogative pronouns in English is to ask questions in which it will represent the thing or person you are asking about.

Examples of interrogative pronouns in English:

Who is at the door?
Who is at the door?

Who did you see at the party?
Whom did you see at the party?

What is your favorite animal?
What is your favorite animal?

Which of these backpacks is yours?
Which one of these backpacks is yours?

Whose toys are you found on the floor?
Whose toys did you find on the floor?

Basic conversations with pronouns in English

Nelson is a teacher. He teaches English.
Nelson is a teacher. I have teaches English.

There is someone at the door. Could you see who it is?
There is somebody at the door. Can you see who is it?

I have a new doll. It is very pretty.
I have a new doll. It ‘s very pretty.

Did you talk to them ? They were looking for you.
Did you talk to them? They were looking for you.

Would you rather wear these shoes or those ?
Would you rather use these shoes or those ?

Do you know anyone from France?
Do you know anyone from France?

Cara’s mom is here. She is waiting in her car.
Cara’s mom is here. She’s waiting in her  car.

All my hats are blue.
All of my hats are blue.

Is there anything to eat? Yes, you can eat this snack.
Is there something to eat? Yes, you can eat this sandwich.

¿ Whose is this house? I think that is James’s house. It is very pretty.
Whose house is that ? I think that is James’ house, it ‘s very pretty.

Elliot will go to the park. He will meet some of his friends there.
Elliot is going to the park. He ‘s meeting some of his friends there.

Ana, who is Elliot’s sister, is very tall.
Ana, who is Elliot’s sister, is very tall.

Hi Lucy! This is my brother, Dan.
Hi Lucy! This is my brother, Dan.

Those clouds are pretty. They are big and fluffy.
Those clouds are pretty. They’re big and fluffy.

We will go to the theater. Do you want to come with us ?
We’re going to the theater. Do you want to come with us 

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