Structuralism is the name that designates the scientific system and the method that studies data from the context to which it belongs , such as groups . It also contemplates and analyzes the relationships established between them and then draws its conclusions; it is a study method and with an eminently descriptive focus.
Origin and its application in a variety of human sciences
It is especially associated with philosophy, but it does not arise from this field but from linguistics, through Ferdinand de Saussure, as we will see later. It can be applied to various sciences that aim to study man, so a method adopted by other sciences to understand psychological, economic, anthropological phenomena and, of course, to analyze philosophical issues was created.
In a culture, meaning can be produced and transmitted from various phenomena, practices and activities that at this moment act as vehicles of meaning.
In a way, it can be said that structuralism gives us a series of patterns that most people know in relation to its structure, components, functionings, among other aspects, regardless of how long it takes to be analyzed accordingly.
Saussure’s structuralist contribution to linguistics
On the other hand, and in the field of linguistics, structuralism is an extremely innovative movement that emerged at the beginning of the 20th century and which has the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure as its founder and main representative.
The great novelty proposed by Saussure was a new conception of events linked to language, conceiving a system in which the various elements that compose it present an interrelationship that becomes a structure.
Application in economics, psychology, computing
In the field of economics, structuralism becomes a theory linked to economic development, which proposes the contempt in terms of international trade, following this scheme: industrial center and agricultural periphery, increasing the distance between underdeveloped and developed countries.
Psychology was also influenced by structuralism through what was known as structural psychology, a theory developed by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener, more precisely in the 20th century, at the height of this current.
The objective of this psychological approach is to be able to analyze the experience from the person’s birth to adulthood, that is, the sum total of experiences lived in this period of time, through elements interconnected to form more complex experiences, without forgetting of the environment and studying their bond.
The method used by Wundt was introspection through inquiry into feelings and emotions, among other data that provide some person’s inner information .
In the field of information technology, structuralism is the branch that studies the formation of structural cut databases.