The speech circuit is the communication system used daily in all human interactions, whether through speech or imitation. This circuit is what facilitates the transition of information through language and signs.
For effective communication to be established, it is essential that all circuit components are properly established; otherwise, a clear understanding of the message will not be possible and, therefore, a response according to the subject will not be obtained.
The elements that make up the speech circuit are rooted in language functions characterized by being individual, dynamic and changeable. In speech components are known as speaker (sender), listener (receiver), message, medium and channel.
Language is one of the most important circuit of speech codes, as it plays a key role for speaker count in a spoken or written expression support for the transmission of ideas.
For an appropriate communication process to occur, it is necessary that the sender and receiver use the same code, so that the encoding and decoding of the message occurs and, in this way, interpret its content.
That is, the two interlocutors must speak the same language or language, for example, gesture-based sign language.
The communication process
Communication is established through the speech circuit when a loudspeaker emits a coded message to express some information and it is received.
Encoding refers to the sender needing to use associations established in a specific language to construct a message, where each element used composes the code.
The feedback process occurs when the receiver decompresses the message encoding composed of linguistic signals, that is, words that, when understood, allow a response that closes the circuit.
When the loop is closed, a new one begins immediately as the roles are switched: the receiver becomes the sender and the sender of the receiver and vice versa. Ideas, emotions, opinions, feelings, among others, are expressed during the interaction.
Speech circuit components / elements
The purpose of the speech loop is nothing more than to achieve effective communication. And for this to be adequate, the elements that will allow a precise message to be communicated between the participants must be present.
The circuit should aim for harmony, understanding and clear understanding of what is said.
The efficiency of the talking circuit depends on the correct handling of each component; if any of them are absent or behave unexpectedly, the purpose of communication may be lost; Therefore, each element of communication must fulfill its function.
speaker or sender
It is the person who speaks and builds a message to create a communication bridge with another person in particular with the intention of sending a message.
The speaker has the responsibility to check the appropriate channel and use the code to express his ideas.
It is important that the message is constructed coherently and applying the rules of a good orator who, being precise and thinking carefully about what will be said, looks the receiver in the face carefully, uses an appropriate tone of voice and articulates clearly.
listener or receiver
It is the subject that receives the message; It is the final recipient. Your role is to listen or read to interpret the problem and give a response subject to the statement.
It is also responsible for indicating whether the code used by the speaker is appropriate for the development of communication.
At the same time, you must demonstrate to the transmitter that the channel is clear and open so that there is no noise or interference in the transmission.
It is your responsibility to apply the good listener rules which consist of listening carefully, looking at the speaker, not interrupting the speaker, and speaking when the other has finished his presentation.
It is the content of what is being said, the set of ideas that the speaker seeks to convey through a specific communication channel.
They can be concepts, news, requests, desires, opinions, emotions, situations, among others; so that the listener reacts to them and fixes a position on something determined.
The message is the main pillar of the exchange of information and is the object of communication through speech, writing or audiovisual.
The code is made up of linguistic, graphic, mimetic or pictographic symbols with which the message is encoded.
It is the medium through which information signals containing a message travel. Channels can be personal, between two or more individuals, or massive, such as radio, television, computer or print media transmissions.
For example, in face-to-face communication, the medium is air, but if communication is established over the telephone, the medium can be said to be the telephone.
On the other hand, if it is an instant message communication, the medium would be the device used for the transmission; if it is written, for example, by letters, the medium would be paper.
Verbal and non-verbal communication
There are several types of communication between individuals, but the most prominent and used ones are the verbal and non-verbal form, which can be used separately or simultaneously to make the explanation more complete for the recipient.
When initiating a message transmission, the language used must be adapted to the recipient in order for it to be accepted and understood; it should be taken into account that the content must be clear, simple, concise, descriptive and non-redundant to avoid confusion.
It is what the transmitter reproduces through speech and is characterized by the use of words, whether by telephone, in person, during exhibitions, debates, among others.
This type of communication is not strictly limited to oral transmission, but also develops through written language in various codes such as alphabets.
The most important element is the voice, tone or intent you want to be conveyed. As for the written mode, punctuation marks can be used to designate emotions or intentions, giving the recipient more information about the speaker, his personality and point of view.
A disadvantage of oral communication is that it can generate misunderstandings due to misinterpretation or low precision of the message, based on the fact that the way of understanding and interpreting the interlocutors is not the same.
Currently, verbal communication has adapted to the technological changes of recent years, promoting the existence of new forms of communication such as email, text messages, chat, recordings, videos and video calls.
In some cases of written communication, due to immediacy, many abbreviations are used to modify the message and make changes in the way of communicating.
Non verbal comunication
It implies not only what is intentionally expressed, but also what is physiologically expressed through body language, appearance, posture, hands, and general appearance that offer a lot of information about the subjects. It’s all language transmitted without relying on voice.
The non-verbal acts that make up this type of communication change according to the context in which they are developed.
For example, signs can be used to determine the size of an object in a hardware store or to indicate how many units of a product are needed when purchased from the market.
Non-verbal communication has its beginnings before humanity evolved to spoken language.
In animals, non-verbal communications can also be found. The non-verbal act can be the result of the cultural environment and social habits. For example, it may be that in a certain territory the same sign means something totally different in another territory.