Dyscalculia is the difficulty of understanding mathematical operations. People with this limitation have problems performing basic calculations, for example, to add or subtract values, or to deal with situations where you need to perform a simple arithmetic operation . The word dyscalculia comes from Greek and Latin, since “dis” is a Greek prefix that means bad and “calculia” comes from Latin and means to calculate or count.
dyslexia of numbers
The dyslexia is a change in the language and the people who suffer from this disorder have confusion with the words, especially when it comes to writing them. Dyscalculia has sometimes been described as dyslexia of numbers. The first symptoms can be seen when a child cannot count how many objects appear in front of him. From the point of view of evolutionary development, this ability is considered to be innate and that not having developed it is a symptom of dyscalculia.
children with dyscalculia
Children suffering from dyscalculia manifest difficulties in the early stages and have limitations with mathematics within the school world, affecting their daily life, for example, to understand the hours of the clock or to deal with money.
The first problems usually appear with elementary numbers (1 to 10), as children with dyscalculia do not understand that numbers can be added and subtracted. Naturally, students with this deficiency cannot advance at the same pace as the rest of their peers.
Causes and therapy to overcome dyscalculia
Regarding the exact origin of dyscalculia, there is no definitive answer, as experts believe that this disorder could be neurological, a memory deficit or some genetic anomaly.
Like dyslexia or other learning difficulties, dyscalculia should be treated with psychological therapy. Specialists in this disorder advise that the therapy has some playful component so that children learn math as something fun and not as a tomento in their lives.
In addition, it is recommended that children with dyscalculia have some specialized school support . In this sense, in recent years, programs have been developed aimed at this disorder. Treatments are generally individual and oriented towards mathematics re-education.