The term dendrology is formed by the Greek word dendrón, which means tree, and the word logia, which means knowledge or science. It is a discipline integrated to botany, focused on identifying tree species, more particularly woody plants. In this area of knowledge, the morphological characteristics of trees are studied, including trunks, leaves and bark. It should be noted that trees have a wide range of shapes and sizes, due to the great diversity of species.
We cannot confuse dendrology with taxonomy
Dendrology studies are responsible for identifying plants in their various structures. In this sense, it can be said that it is a complementary tool to botany. On the other hand, taxonomy is limited to classifying plants in their diversity. Despite dealing with two distinct areas, both allow the classification of the set of plant species with scientific criteria.
Main objectives as a subject of study
The first objective of this area of botany is to establish a tree nomenclature, both for common and scientific names. All this following the rules and principles established by botany.
Second, dendrology identifies each tree within its corresponding botanical family.
On the other hand, the type of relationship between each tree species and the different ecosystems is established.
Knowledge about dendrology brings information that is very useful for the wood sector.
Wood is a material with numerous uses, as it serves as fuel, for the furniture industry or for paper manufacturing. In this sense, it is important to establish a correct classification of the different types of wood, to know the drying phases and their different properties.
Dendrochronology is a part of dendrology that focuses on the study of tree trunk rings.
Tree trunks feature a series of circular rings. The more rings a tree has, the older it will be. By observing these structures, it is possible to know how each tree has evolved over time, as well as their diseases and climatic conditions.
The study of dendrochronology provides information about the past, especially about climate evolution (variations in temperature, wind speed, and other climate aspects that affect tree development).