Around year 300 BC C, at the entrance to the port of the island of Rhodes a bronze statue was erected some thirty-five meters high. This statue is known as the Colossus of Rhodes and represents the god Helios standing with his legs spread and an arm outstretched with a torch that was formerly a reference for maritime navigation.
To sculpt the statue, the sculptor Ceres de Lindos needed twelve years of work . Its grandeur and grandeur made it one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The rhodiums created this great statue after defeating certain enemy forces that had surrounded the island for over a year. Although the attackers were more numerous, the inhabitants of Rhodes triumphed over the invaders. To celebrate this epic victory, the rhodiums decided to build a majestic statue in honor of Helios, the sun god of Greek mythology. The historical references about the Colossus of Rhodes are due to descriptions of three historians of antiquity: Strabo, Polybius and Pliny the Elder.
The Colossus of Rhodes stood until the year 226 a. C when an intense earthquake shook the island and brought it down
The rhodiums did not raise the statue again because they believed that the god Apollo was the cause of the earthquake. This way, their rest remained totally abandoned until 635 d. C, when some Saracen merchants collected the bronze remains to sell to other Mediterranean merchants.
Despite its destruction , the Colossus of Rhodes has remained a source of inspiration for other similar monuments, such as the “Statue of Liberty ” situated at the mouth of the Hudson River on Elis Island in New York.
Archeological techniques and engineering advances allow us to know the methodology used to build the largest bronze statue in history
It is estimated that 200 tons of bronze were needed for its construction. As for its location exact, experts believe that the best place to install the Colossus was on the hill next to the Bay of Rhodes and not on the pier. In order for the statue to be supported, a large rock base was needed.
It is believed that Ceres de Lindos built a wooden skeleton so that the bronze panels could be hung
The island of Rhodes had important deposits of bronze and the city’s artisans were true specialists in this metal. For the sculpture to remain standing, it is very likely that there was a third support point, probably a bronze piece with the appearance of a garment that covered the god Helios.