Anatomy is the science responsible for studying the morphology and structure of living beings. That is, it is responsible for analyzing the shape, location , distribution, relationship and topography of the organs that make up living beings.
From an etymological point of view, it comes from the Latin “anatomos” which in turn derives from the Greek, so “ana” means “through” and “tomos” means “cut”, thus, together it can be translated as “cut to see”.
As a whole
It should be noted that it is a science as a whole, since it studies all living beings and not their organs in isolation. Although many anatomical representations describe the body separately, they only simplify field of study , intentionally eliminating the connective tissue or presenting it as invisible. The same happens with representations that differ from different structures and organs in different colors, something completely alien to reality and used for didactic purposes.
Several types of classifications are established depending on the criteria used for their study. Generally speaking, they can be divided into two major branches: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. As its name implies, the latter refers to the study of all phenomena that are invisible at first sight and can only be observed with the help of a microscope or other similar devices. Rather, macroscopic anatomy is focused on elements of organic structure that can be seen at first glance without the aid of a microscope.
Another important classification of anatomy is that which differentiates descriptive anatomy from topographic anatomy
The first is also called systematic anatomy and focuses its object of study on the forms of the elements of the organic structure, for which an independent analysis of the systems, apparatus and organs of living beings is necessary. Meanwhile, topographic anatomy is focused on studying large areas of the body holistically, such as across the neck, forearm, or foot.
Furthermore, because of the application of other criteria, we can find other branches, for example, comparative anatomy, which studies the various organs of the animal structure by comparing them with the organs of the human body; and applied anatomy, which establishes the practice of theoretical anatomical knowledge, which is expressed in diagnoses and treatments.